American Medical Bureau

The American Medical Bureau (AMB) , also known as the American Medical Bureau to Save Spanish Democracy , [1] was a humanitarian aid institution associated with the Lincoln Battalion , providing a medical body, nursing systems for casualties, and more those who were wounded on the Spanish Republic side of the battlefield in the Spanish Civil War (1936 – 1939). [2]

History

Organized by Dr. Edward K. Barsky , the American Medical Bureau recruited doctors, dentists, nurses, administrators and ambulance drivers to support the Spanish Republic. In its fund raising events the AMB used the names ‘American Medical Bureau to Save Spanish Democracy’ and ‘Medical Bureau & North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy’ as well. [3]

In the United States the AMB also commented on the situation in the United States of America by the American government following the agreements of the Non-intervention Committee . In Spain the Spanish Military Medical Services ( Cuerpo de Sanidad ), mainly at the Gómez Ulla Military Hospital in Madrid, and also to front-line locations. AMB members, who also included women, [4]

Ambulance of American Medical Bureau in Spain, 1937

By the end of the war a majority of both the Spanish aid committees and the leadership councils of the AMB were women. Many women leaders in the movement were wives of the American leftists or soldiers in the Lincoln Battalion. Katherine Duncan, wife to Governor LaFollette’s secretary, and Peggy Dennis, a leading communist party, were leaders in the Madison, Wisconsinchapter. Marion Merriman, wife to Abraham Lincoln Battalion Commander Robert Merriman (Supposed the inspiration of Ernest Hemingway ‘s hero in For Whom the Bell Tolls ) Was the chairwoman of the wider San Franciscobranch of the organization. She and one other woman, Fredericka Martin, hold the honor of being the only woman to receive commissions from the Spanish Republic. Evelyn Hutchins, an active member of the AMB, advocated for the first time in the United States. line as a driver. [5]

See also

  • International Brigades
  • Spanish Republican Army
  • Yankee Squadron
  • Lincoln Battalion
  • Military history of African Americans
  • XV International Brigade

Bibliography

  • Jane Pacht Brickman, “Medical McCarthyism and the Punishment of Internationalist Physicians in the United States,” in Anne-Emanuelle Birn and Theodore M. Brown (eds.), Comrades in Health: US Health Internationalists, Abroad and at Home. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2013; pp. 82-100.
  • Peter N. Carroll, The Odyssey of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Americans in the Spanish Civil War. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994.
  • Walter J. Lear , “American Medical Support for Spanish Democracy, 1936-1938,” in Anne-Emanuelle Birn and Theodore M. Brown (eds.), Comrades in Health: US Health Internationalists, Abroad and at Home. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2013; pp. 65-81.

References

  1. Jump up^ Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Spanish Civil War History
  2. Jump up^ Medical Aid to the Spanish Republic During the Civil War (1936-1939)
  3. Jump up^ Medical Bureau & North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy
  4. Jump up^ Medical Aid to the Spanish Republic During the Civil War (1936-1939)
  5. Jump up^ Graham, Helen. The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005, 40-45.

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