American Near East Refugee Aid ( ANERA ) is an American 501 (c) 3 non-governmental organization that provides humanitarian and development assistance to the Middle East , specifically, the West Bank , Gaza Strip , Lebanon and Jordan . Founded in 1968 in the aftermath of the Six-Day War , ANERA INITIALLY Sought to help the Hundreds of Thousands of displaced Palestiniansby providing emergency relief. Providing emergency relief, ANERA now also addresses the needs of Palestinians, Lebanese and Jordanians through its health care, education and job creation programs . By helping people meet their basic needs, ANERA understands its work as an essential component to peace in the Middle East.
The largest American NGO operating in West Bank and Gaza,  ANERA works closely with local institutions, such as schools, universities, health facilities, cooperatives, municipalities, grassroots communities, and charitable associations to improve the community services they provide. ANERA is funded by individual donors and grants from public and private institutions. ANERA has received the highest rating (4-stars) by Charity Navigator , an independent evaluator of charities’ fiscal management,  and meets all of the Better Business Bureau standards for charity accountability. 
Through its programs that alleviate suffering and reduce poverty -the “beginning and end points on a continuum of human need” -ANERA works to help people meet their fundamental necessities.  Through these large-scale projects like building reservoirs and smaller projects like installing water tanks on the tops of homes, ANERA has many programs that meet people’s immediate needs and provide jobs at the same time.  ANERA has been praised for its transparency and dedication to improving the lives of impoverished communities in the Middle East. In 2011, ANERA provided more than $ 65 million worth of programs to the people of West Bank, Gaza, Lebanon and Jordan. 
Health and relief
ANERA has delivered emergency relief and medical supplies to communities in the Middle East. ANERA has built 177 water cisterns and is building or repairing water networks and pipelines in the West Bank and Gaza. 
ANERA helps to build new schools, offer after-school programs, teach preschool teachers and principals, teach information technology, and support music education. During fiscal year 2007, ANERA expanded its Gaza-based preschool teacher-training project to provide employment opportunities for skilled women while developing organizational skills, active learning techniques and communication skills among children and increasing parent and community involvement in the educational process.
Community and economic development
ANERA offers assistance in the form of infrastructure projects and job training. During fiscal year 2007, ANERA’s Emergency Water and Sanitation Project received nearly $ 4 million in grants from the US Agency for International Development in West Bank and Gaza, and created short-term employment opportunities for impoverished and outlying Palestinian communities.
ANERA sponsors children between the ages of 4 and 17 to receive an education in one of seven schools in Lebanon, Gaza or the West Bank. Students who participate in the scholarship program are orphans, who are in need of physical assistance and who are in need of rehabilitation.
Sarra water project
In February 2008, ANERA partnered with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in a project to install an internal water network in the village of Sarra in the West Bank. According to the USAID press release, the project “will ensure access to a reliable water supply … [and will be] funded by USAID and implemented by ANERA.The total cost of the project is $ 255,000 and is anticipated to generate 1,800 days of employment. ” 
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- Jump up^ “American Near East Refugee Aid” . Charity Navigator . Archived from the original on 26 February 2009 . Retrieved 2009-02-07 .
- Jump up^ “Report: American Near East Refugee Aid” . Better Business Bureau . March 2008. Archived from the original on 6 February 2009 . Retrieved 2009-02-15 .
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- ^ Jump up to:a b Delinda C. Hanley (December 2008). “Human Rights: ANERA Celebrates 40th Anniversary” . Washington Report on Middle East Affairs . Retrieved 2009-02-15 .
- Jump up^ Heather Yamour (December 24, 2011). “Kuwait donates 1 million to support Gaza preschool children” . Kuwait News Agency . Retrieved 2011-12-31 .
- Jump up^ “USAID and ANERA Launch a Project to Install Water Network in Sarra” . USAID . February 19, 2008. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009 . Retrieved 2009-02-07 .