American Refugee Committee

The American Refugee Committee ( ARC ) is an international nonprofit , nonsectarian organization that has provided humanitarian assistance and training to millions of recipients over the last 30 years.

In 2011, ARC helped nearly 2.5 million people get their services back to life. ARC works with ict partners and constituencies to Provide Opportunities and expertise to communities of Refugees and internally displaced persons in seven countries in Africa, Asia and Europe, Including Iraq , Kosovo , and in the Darfur Region of Sudan and is Currently providing good for emergency Relief and recovery in Haiti . ARC provides shelter, clean water and sanitation, health care, training skills, microcredit education, protection to help survivors of war and natural disasters to rebuild their lives with dignity, health care, security and self-sufficiency.

History

Moved by the plight of millions of men, women and children affected by the conflict in Southeast Asia , Chicago businessman Neal Ball founded the American Refugee Committee in 1979. [1]

One of ARC’s first programs opened at Khao-I-Dang refugee camp in Thailand in late 1979. [2] ARC also provided medical and public health services at Nong Samet Refugee Camp , [3] Phanat Nikhom, [4] Ban Vinai Refugee Camp. [5] and Site Two Refugee Camp until 1993, when the camps closed and ARC turned its attention to programs inside Cambodia . ARC later provided health, sanitation and laboratory services at Khao Phlu Refugee Camp from 1997 until 1999. [6] ARC pioneered the treatment of tuberculosisin refugee-camp settings using an innovative program structure that had not been possible. [7] [8]

Current projects

Program areas

  • Agriculture & Food Security
  • Refugee and IDP Camp Management
  • Capacity building and Training
  • Community Development
  • Community Health Education
  • Community Reconciliation and Reintegration
  • Disaster Preparedness
  • Disease Prevention and Control
  • Emergency Health Care
  • Emergency Obstetrics
  • Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response
  • HIV / AIDS Prevention and Treatment
  • Immunizations
  • Income Generation
  • Infectious Disease Prevention
  • Legal Assistance
  • Microenterprise Development
  • microfinance
  • Maternal-Child Health Care
  • Primary Health Care
  • Protection of Vulnerable Groups
  • Psychosocial Support
  • Rapid Emergency Response
  • Refugee Return and Reintegration
  • Reproductive Health Care
  • Savings and Loans Associations
  • Shelter Construction and Rehabilitation
  • Small Business and Vocational Training
  • Sports and Recreation Programs
  • Through Our Eyes Participatory Video Communication [9] [10]
  • Water supply and Sanitation Services [11]

ARC has humanitarian programs and provides medical care, shelter, protection services, clean water, community development support, microloans , and help for women who have suffered violence , as well as other opportunities to help refugees. ARC Programs .

In Africa, ARC has programs in Liberia , [12] Sudan , [13] Darfur , [14] Uganda , [15] Rwanda [16] and Sierra Leone . [17]

In Asia, ARC programs are concentrated in Pakistan [18] and in Thailand . [19] In Pakistan, the Taliban in northwest Pakistan. ARC also responded to the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami , providing relief services in Sri Lanka and Indonesia and a Fishing Boat Project in Thailand . [20]

Haiti

On January 12, 2010 has 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck just outside Port-au-Prince . The capital city and surrounding areas were completely destroyed and a million people were left homeless. [21] 50,000 were reported to have died. On January 14, the first ARC arrived in Port-au-Prince. They started planning the response, hiring local staff, and coordinating with the United Nations and other partners. In the aftermath of the emergency response, logistics , health, water / sanitation, shelter, and protection arrived in Haiti. ARC distributed food to 2,200 people in the Delmasdistrict of Port-au-Prince, 1,000 hygiene and kitchen kits in the Nazon district. On January 26, ARC began managing 5,000 people in Acra Land District of Port-au-Prince, working with multiple relief agencies. In the next few months the size of the camp grew to 25,000 people. [22] Of the 19 most crowded settlements (of 300 total), Terrain Acra was the only one with an organization overseeing and coordinating relief activities.

Flat Cargo Oven Carrying 90,000 pounds of Port-au-Prince from Minneapolis. In Terraine Acra ARC opened a health clinic, distributed shelter materials, built latrines and sanitation systems. On February 9, the first three child-friendly spaces opened in the Terraine Acra settlement. 300 children were expected and 1,000 showed up. On April 10, United Nations Deputy Secretary-General Asha-Rose Migiro visited ARC’s camp in Acra Field [1] . ARC is working with the local community and coordinating with international and local NGOs to help people survive and rebuild. [2] [23]

Ivory Coast

The American Refugee Committee team has been responding to the conflict between Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia since December 2010, constructing shelters to house refugees in Nimba County , Liberia. [24]

Kyrgyzstan

On Sunday June 20, 2010 ARC’s Rapid Response Team in Osh , Kyrgyzstan to assess the situation and the needs of affected communities. [25]

Liberia

In the fall of 2003, ARC launched a program to assist those who had been displaced by the Second Liberian Civil War . Providing services to people living in camps at Brown’s Town and Unification Town. [26]

Pakistan

Afghan refugees

There are millions of Afghan refugees living in refugee camps in Pakistan ‘s Baluchistan Province. Some fled the oppression of the Taliban , others the Soviet invasion in the 1980s. For years they have known no way of life in the camps. Whole generations have grown up without the right to move about freely or the possibility to make a living for their families.

ARC provides primary health care to 98,000 Afghan refugees in the camps and in the surrounding communities. ARC also provides special attention to pregnant women and training for caring for their own communities. ARC helps refugees cope with the frustrations of living in a camp by organizing youth clubs and activities, working to prevent and responding to domestic violence in the camps, and building awareness of the threat of HIV / AIDS.

Earthquake relief

In October 2005, a massive earthquake shattered communities throughout northern mountainous Pakistan. The impact has been long-lasting, with entire families wiped out and vital infrastructure destroyed. Within hours of the quake, ARC started getting survivors in Bagh District the emergency relief they needed – clean water, nutritious food, shelters for those left homeless and in need of emergency medical attention. Today, ARC’s efforts are focused on working with communities in the area of ​​life and health care.

2009 Pakistan displacement crisis

In the spring of 2009, three million people fled for their lives from fighting between Taliban forces and the Pakistani government in the mountainous region of northwestern Pakistan. Many fled to camps without clean water or enough to eat. But the vast majority has been taken by local communities, packed in tight quarters – sometimes 50-60 people in very small homes. Water and sanitation systems have been in the process of collapse, and there is a serious threat of outbreaks of disease. [27]

ARC Quickly Began trucking clean water into refugee camps and digging wells and latrines to Ensure safe and sanitary living conditions. Aid workers have also been able to provide comprehensive medical care and to reach out as many survivors as possible.

ARC is also currently working to help Pakistani families who have So far, 100,000 families have gone back to the Swat Valley . But the fight against infrastructure and other systems ARC will soon begin work and will be able to work for you. [28]

2010 floods

In late July 2010 monsoon rainfall caused sweltering floods Swelling and killing over 1,100 people. ARC’s Emergency Response Teams Started Working on the Flooding Subsidy in Early August, providing clean water and mobile health clinics for survivors. ARC’s mobile health teams, especially water and sanitation teams, assembled and began coordinating with partners and authorities. Swat , Nowshera , Mardan , and Peshawar were the most severely affected areas. Roads were washed out, bridges gone, and intermittently operated. Many affected communities remained inaccessible except by helicopter; others had been entirely obliterated. [29]

Rwanda

ARC began work in Rwanda in December 1994, following the genocide . ARC hosts all three major refugee camps in Rwanda, providing health care, water, construction, and sanitation services as well as combating gender-based violence and HIV / AIDS programs. ARC also manages successful income generation programs in the camps and trains where possible. In 2005, the government of Rwanda asked for a new refugee camp at Nyabiheke to accommodate 5,000 new refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo . ARC quickly built roads, bridges, shelters, latrines, storage warehouses, and health centers, and began receiving refugees within a month of the request. The culminating achievement of the construction efforts was the drilling of a boreholeto tap an aquifer , which provides 100,000 liters of naturally purified, filtered water per day. In the fall of 2007, ARC expanded Nyabiheke Camp to receive 2,000 more people. [30]

Sudan

Darfur

The American Refugee Committee is taking care of the world , who is unable to make a living, and who is unable to make a living. fighting too frequently to raise any crops.

ARC’s body of midwives assisting mothers to provide their babies, and health clinics provide treatment and medications to thousands of people each month. ARC is working with Darfuri communities to be able to provide safe drinking water, and ARC is partnering with families to plant crops that will feed and support them. ARC provides tools and seeds and the families bring the farming skills to grow the food that will sustain them. ARC provides children with nutritious meals. Parents have one thing to do, and their children will be educated and better prepared to help rebuild the region when the fighting has ended. [31]

Southern Sudan

ARC began operations in Kajo Keji County in Southern Sudan in 1994, providing health services to people displaced by the war. Operations have since grown dramatically, and ARC now operates an integrated program of health care, water and sanitation, and microenterprise development for war-affected residents and returning refugees. Since 2006, ARC has been implementing a major, long-term initiative to expand comprehensive reproductive health care services in Southern Sudan. ARC has recently launched the project in southern Sudan, using hands-on video and community participation to get people talking about gender-based violence and how to prevent it. ARC currently works in Juba , Kajo Keji , Malakal, Nimule , and Yei . [32]

Thailand

ARC’s oldest program, ARC has been established in Thailand since 1979. Currently ARC works in refugee camps along the Thai-Burmese border, providing health care services, health education, and water, sanitation and environmental health services to Karen refugees in camps on the border with Myanmar . ARC focuses on building capacity and skills of constituents, training them to become health care providers, and community leaders. They can apply these skills to their country and their relocation to a third country. [33]

ARC also operates in coastal villages between Phuket and Ranong in the south of Thailand. [34]

Uganda

ARC has been working in Uganda off-and-on since 1994, when ARC began operations in neighboring Southern Sudan. Today, ARC manages 14 internally displaced persons camps in the northern Gulu District of Uganda. [35]

Awards and distinctions

ARC was given an A + rating by Charitywatch.org, [36] a charity watchdog site created by the American Institute of Philanthropy to rate non-profit organizations based on the ratio of funds overhead. Reader’s Digest Magazine, Money Magazine , GiveSpot.com, and Charity Navigator also highly rate ARC. quote needed ]

Records

Records of the American Refugee Committee are available for research use. They include domestic and international program records, organizational files, correspondence, subject files, publications, printed material, and newspaper clippings. [37]

References

  1. Jump up^ ARC 2008 Annual Report, pp. 4-5.
  2. Jump up^ Louis Braile, We Shared the Peeled Orange: The Letters of “Papa Louis” from the Thai-Cambodian Border Refugee Camps, 1981-1993. Saint Paul, Syren Book Co., 2005.
  3. Jump up^ ARC 1983 Annual Report, pp. 4-8.
  4. Jump up^ Committee for the Coordination of Displaced Persons in Thailand. The CCSDPT handbook: Refugee Services in Thailand. Bangkok: Craftsman Press, 1983, p. 49.
  5. Jump up^ CCSDPT, p. 51.
  6. Jump up^ Virginia Morrison, “Contraceptive Need Among Cambodian Refugees in Khao Phlu Camp,” International Family Planning Perspectives Volume 26, Number 4, December 2000, 188-192.
  7. Jump up^ SH Miles, Maat RB. “A Successful Supervised Outpatient Short-Course Tuberculosis Treatment Program in an Open Refugee Camp on the Thai-Cambodian Border.” Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 130 (5): 827-30.
  8. Jump up^ Maat RB “The Major Disruption at Samet, Christmas, 1984.” Occasional Paper No. 1. Washington, DC: Jesuit Refugee Service, 1985.
  9. Jump up^ ARC Through Our Eyes program
  10. Jump up^ Through Our Eyes video program
  11. Jump up^ ARC 2008 Annual Report, pp. 19.
  12. Jump up^ ARC Liberia
  13. Jump up^ ARC Sudan
  14. Jump up^ ARC Darfur
  15. Jump up^ ARC Uganda
  16. Jump up^ ARC Rwanda
  17. Jump up^ ARC Sierra Leone
  18. Jump up^ ARC Pakistan
  19. Jump up^ ARC Thailand
  20. Jump up^ “ARC’s Fishing Boat Project: One Year Later.”
  21. Jump up^ ARC Haiti Special Report: After the Earthquake, 2010.
  22. Jump up^ Video of CRA Land Acra settlement
  23. Jump up^ ARC Haiti Special Report: After the Earthquake, 2010.
  24. Jump up^ “Thousands of Refugees Flee to Liberia in Wake of Ivory Coast Violence,” ARC website.
  25. Jump up^ Crisis in Kyrgyzstan
  26. Jump up^ “ARC in Liberia,” ARC website.
  27. Jump up^ “On the ground in Pakistan after devastating floods,” Minnesota Public Radio / NPR.
  28. Jump up^ ARC 2008 Annual Report, pp. 21.
  29. Jump up^ “Pakistan Flooding: 800 people killed, 1 million affected by devastating floods,” ARC Website.
  30. Jump up^ “ARC in Rwanda,” ARC website.
  31. Jump up^ ARC 2008 Annual Report, pp. 20.
  32. Jump up^ “ARC in Southern Sudan,” ARC website.
  33. Jump up^ “ARC in Thailand,” ARC website.
  34. Jump up^ “ARC’s Fishing Boat Project Bush-Clinton Tsunami Relief Fund Selects ARC to Receive One Million-Dollar Grant for Thailand’s Fishing Boat Project,” ARC website.
  35. Jump up^ “ARC in Uganda,” ARC website.
  36. Jump up^ American Institute of Philanthropy Website
  37. Jump up^ American Refugee Committee records

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