Clinton Foundation

The Clinton Foundation (founded in 1997 as the William J. Clinton Foundation ), [2] and from 2013 to 2015, briefly renamed the Bill, Hillary & Chelsea Clinton Foundation [3] ) is a non-profit organization under section 501 (c ) (3) of the US tax code. It was established by the President of the United States Bill Clinton with the stated mission to “strengthen the capacity of people in the United States and throughout the world to meet the challenges of global interdependence.” [4] Its offices are located in New York City and Little Rock, Arkansas.

Through 2016 the foundation had raised an estimated $ 2 billion from US corporations, foreign governments and corporations, political donors, and various other groups and individuals. [5] The acceptance of funds from wealthy sources has been a source of controversy. [5] [6] The foundation “has won accolades from philanthropy experts and has drawn bipartisan support”. [5] Charitable grants are not a major focus of the Clinton Foundation, which makes the most of its money to carry out its own humanitarian programs. [7]

This foundation is a distinct organization of the Clinton Family Foundation, a private organization for personal Clinton family philanthropy. [8] [9]

According to the Clinton Foundation’s website, neither Bill Clinton nor his daughter, Chelsea Clinton, is a member of the Board of Directors. When Hillary Clinton was a board member she reportedly received no income from the Foundation. [10]

History

The origins of the foundation go back to 1997, when then-president Bill Clinton was focused mostly on fundraising for the future Clinton Presidential Center in Little Rock, Arkansas . [1]He founded the William J. Clinton Foundation in 2001 following the completion of his presidency. [11] Longtime Clinton advisor Bruce Lindsey became the CEO in 2004. [12] [13] Later, Lindsey moved from being CEO to being chair, largely for health reasons. [12] Other Clinton hands Who played an significant role early included Doug Band [14] and Ira Magaziner. Additional Clinton associates who have had senior positions at John Podesta and Laura Graham. [11]

The foundation is success by Bill’s worldwide fame and its ability to bring together corporate executives, celebrities, and government officials. [11] Similarly, the foundation areas of involvement at a frequent point in time. [11]

Preceding Barack Obama’s 2009 appointment of Hillary Clinton as US Secretary of State , Bill Clinton agreed to accept a number of conditions and restrictions regarding his ongoing activities and fundraising efforts for the Clinton Presidential Center and the Clinton Global Initiative. [15] Accordingly, a list of donors was released in December 2008. [16]

By 2011, Chelsea Clinton was taking over the role in the foundation and had a seat on its board. [11] [17] To raise money for the Foundation, she gave paid speeches, such as her $ 65,000 2014 address to the University of Missouri in Kansas City for the opening of the Starr Women’s Hall of Fame. [18]

In 2013, Hillary Clinton joined the following foundation as Secretary of State . She is planning to focus on work with women and children, [19] [20] and economic development. [12]Accordingly, it was renamed the “Bill, Hillary & Chelsea Clinton Foundation”. [11] Extra attention was paid to the foundation of the 2016 United States presidential election . [11] [12]

In July 2013, Eric Braverman was named CEO of the foundation. [13] He is a friend and former colleague of Chelsea Clinton from McKinsey & Company . [11] [12] At the same time, Chelsea Clinton was named vice chair of the foundation’s board. [11] [13] The foundation was also in the midst of a move to two floors of Time-Life Building in Midtown Manhattan. [11]

Chelsea Clinton moved the organization to an outside review, led by the firm of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett . Its conclusions were made public in mid-2013. [12] The main focus was to determine how to build a successful financial foundation that was not dependent on the former president’s fundraising abilities, how it could operate more like a permanent entity rather than a start-up organization, and thus how it could survive and prosper beyond Bill Clinton’s lifetime. [11] [12] Dennis Cheng , a former Hillary Clinton campaigner, was named to oversee a $ 250 million endowment drive. [11]The review also found the management and structure of the foundation needed, improvements in the size of its board of directors, and more direct involvement in planning and budgeting. [12] Additionally, the review said that all employees needed to understand the foundation of a dispute. [12]

In January 2015, Braverman announced his resignation. Politics of the struggle to be a part of the struggle between the Clinton coalition and the loyalty of the president. [21] deputy assistant secretary Maura Pally. [22]

On February 18, 2015, The Washington Post reported that, “the foundation has won accolades from philanthropy experts and has drawn bipartisan support, with members of the George W. Bush administration often participating in its programs.” [5] In March 2015, Donna Shalala , Secretary of Health and Human Services in the Clinton Administration , was selected to run the Clinton Foundation. [23]

In August 2016 The Boston Globe ‘s editorial board suggests that the Clinton Foundation cease accepting donations. The Globe ‘s editorial board is praised for the foundation’ s work and added that it ‘s a long time ago. a political distraction. [24]

In 2016, Reuters reported that the Clinton Foundation suspected that it had been the target of a cyber security breach . As a consequence of the suspected cyber security breach, the Clinton Foundation has been retained, FireEye , to evaluate its data systems. The cyber security breach has-been Described as sharing Similarities with cyberattacks That Targeted other institutions, Such As the Democratic National Committee . [25]

In October 2016, The Wall Street Journal reported that four FBI field offices -in New York, Los Angeles, Washington and Little Rock-had been collecting information about the Clinton Foundation to determine whether there is evidence of financial crime or influence-peddling. . In a report separate investigation, the Washington Field Office was investigating Terry McAuliffe before he became a board member of the Clinton Foundation. [26]

Board of directors

As of October 2016, the board members are: [27]

  • Bruce Lindsey , chairman
  • Chelsea Clinton , fleshly vice
  • Bill Clinton
  • Frank Giustra
  • Rolando Gonzalez-Bunster
  • Eric Goosby
  • Hadeel Ibrahim
  • Lisa Jackson
  • Cheryl Mills
  • Cheryl Saban

Programs and initiatives

Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI)

As of January 1, 2010, the Clinton HIV / AIDS Initiative, an initiative of the Clinton Foundation, has become a separate nonprofit organization called the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI). [11] [28] Organizations such as the Clinton Foundation continue to supply anti-malarial drugs to Africa and other affected areas; According to director Inder Singh , in 2011 more than 12 million people will be supplied with subsidized anti-malarial drugs. quote needed ]

In May 2007, CHAI and UNITAID announced that help middle-income and low-income countries save money on second-line drugs. The partnership also reduced the price of a once-daily $ 1 per day. [29]

The Clinton Foundation HIV / AIDS Initiative is working on the ground. The American Enterprise Institute , a conservative think tank, wrote that governments and organizations in Africa and Asia have partnered with the Foundation and the Foundation’s focus on the treatment of patients. up and quality of care. [30] CHAI was spun off into a separate organization in 2010; Ira Magaziner became its CEO ( 1993 ). [11]Chelsea Clinton joined its board in 2011, as did Tachi Yamada , former President of the Global Health Program.Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation . [11]

Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) and CGI U

The Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) was founded in 2005 by Bill Clinton. Doug Band , Counselor to Bill, was heavily involved in the training. [14] Clinton has credited with the originator of CGI and commented that “Doug had the idea to do this.” [31] Band left his paid position at CGI in 2010, [11] preferring to emphasize his Teneo business and family pursuits, but remains on the CGI advisory board. [12] The overlap between CGI and Teneo, from which Bill was a paid advisor, drew criticism. [11]

In 2007, Bill started CGI U, which expanded the model of CGI to students, universities, and national youth organizations. CGI U has been held at Tulane University , the University of Texas at Austin , the University of Miami , the University of California, San Diego , The George Washington University , Washington University in St. Louis , Arizona State University , and University of California, Berkeley . Panelists and speakers-have included Jon Stewart , Madeleine Albright , Vandana Shiva , Bill and Chelsea Clinton, Stephen Colbert ,Jack Dorsey , Greg Stanton , US Rep. Gabrielle Giffords , Shane Battier , Salman Khan (founder of Khan Academy ), and US Rep. John Lewis . [32] [33] [34] [35] [36]

In September 2016, it was announced that the initiative would be broken down and that 74 employees would be let go at the end of the year. [37] [38] In January 2017, it was announced that another 22 employees would be let go by April 15, 2017, and that CGI University would be continued. [39] [40]

Clinton Global Citizen Awards

The Clinton Global Citizen Awards are a set of awards which have been given by the Clinton Global Initiative every year since 2007. [41] The awards are given to individuals, in the opinion of the Clinton Foundation, are “outstanding individuals who exemplify global citizenship through their vision and leadership “. [41] Past recipients of the award include Mexican businessman and philanthropist Carlos Slim , [41] Irish billionaire Denis O’Brien , [42] Moroccan entrepreneur Mohammad Abbad Andaloussi , [43] Rwandan President Paul Kagame , [44] Afghan women’s rights activistSuraya Pakzad , [45] Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernandez , [46] and Pakistani labor rights activist Syeda Ghulam Fatima . [47]

Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI)

In August 2006, Bill Clinton started a climate change program, the Clinton Foundation’s Climate Initiative (CCI). [48] The CCI directly runs various programs to prevent deforestation and to rehabilitate forests and other landscapes worldwide, develop clean energy, and help island nations threatened by rising ocean levels. [49]

On August 1, 2006, the Foundation entered into a partnership with the Large Cities Climate Leadership Group , which provides support for energy-saving products and services. [50]

In May 2007, CCI announces its first project that will help some large cities cut greenhouse gas emissions by facilitating retrofitting of existing buildings. Five large banks committed $ 1 billion each to help cities and building owners make energy-saving improvements. [51] At the 2007 Clinton Global Initiative, Bill Clinton announced the 1Sky campaign to accelerate bold federal policy on global warming. [52] The 1Sky campaign supports at least 80% reduction in climate pollution levels by 2050.

On May 19, 2009, CCI announced the global Climate Positive Development Program where it will work with the US Green Building Council to promote “climate positive” city growth. [53]

Norway and Germany are among the countries co-financing projects with the CCI in many developing and third-world countries. [54] [55] [56]

Clinton Development Initiative (CDI)

The Clinton Development Initiative, originally the Clinton Hunter Development Initiative, was formed in 2006 as a partnership with the Scottish philanthropist Sir Tom Hunter’s Hunter Foundation to target the root causes of poverty in Africa and promote sustainable economic growth. [57]

The Alliance for Healthier Generation

The Alliance for a Healthier Generation is a partnership between the Clinton Foundation and the American Heart Association that was working to end childhood obesity epidemic in the United States by 2010.

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation , which provides an initial $ 8 million to start the Healthy Schools Program, awarded a $ 20 million grant to expand the program to over 8,000 schools with the highest obesity rates. [58]

At the industry level, the food and beverage industry, and the establishment of food vending machines, stores and cafeterias to promote healthy eating. Some of the companies involved in these efforts are Coca-Cola , Cadbury plc , Campbell Soup Company , Danone Group , Kraft Foods , Mars and PepsiCo . [59] [60]

Clinton Giustra Sustainable Growth Initiative

Established in 2007 with Canadian Mining Executive Frank Giustra – founder of the Pacific Rubiales petroleum company (renamed Pacific Exploration & Production in 2015) – CGSGI is an innovative approach to poverty alleviation. [61] Giustra’s involvement with the Clinton Foundation has been criticized by the International Business Times , the Washington Post , and the American Media Institute because of a sudden reversal in Hillary Clinton’s position while Secretary of State regarding the United States-Colombia Free Trade Agreement , an agreement which she had previously opposed “as bad for labor rights.”[62] [63] [64] [65]

Clinton Health Matters Initiative (CHMI)

In November 2012, Bill Clinton announced the launch of the Clinton Health Matters Initiative (CHMI). CHMI is a national initiative, building on the Clinton Foundation’s work on global health and obesity, which works to improve the health and well being of the United States by activating individuals, communities, and organizations to make meaningful contributions to health of others. CHMI holds an annual Health Matters conference every January in the Coachella Valley . [66]

Disaster relief

The Foundation funded HAS extensive disaster Relief programs Following The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Shortly after-Hurricane Katrina hit, President Bush Asked form Presidents George HW Bush and Bill Clinton to raise funds to help rebuild the Gulf Coast Region . The two Presidents, having worked together to assist victims of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, established the Bush-Clinton Katrina Fund to identify and meet the needs of the region, foster economic opportunity, and to improve the quality of life of those affected. [67]In the first month after the hurricane, the Fund collected over 42,000 online donations alone; approximately $ 128.4 million has been received from all over the world and $ 30.9 million from foreign countries. The foundation has been involved in Haiti 2010 Haiti earthquake . [11] [68]

No Ceilings project

In 2013, Hillary Clinton established a partnership between the foundation and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to gather and study data on the progress of women and girls around the world in United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995. [69] [70] This is called “No Ceilings: The Full Participation Project.” [69] [70] The project released a report in March 2015. [71]

Charity review sources

In March, 2015, the charity watchdog group Charity Navigator added the Clinton Foundation to a watch list . It removed the foundation from its watch list in late December of that year. [72] In September 2016, it gives its highest possible rating, after its customary review of the Foundation’s financial records and tax statements. [73] A different charity monitor, CharityWatch, said that 88% of the foundation’s money goes towards its charitable mission and gave the foundation an A rating for 2016. In 2015, based on $ 223 million and an expense ratio of 12% $ 26 million to complete its mission. [74]

Transparency

Around 2007, the Clinton Foundation was criticized for a lack of transparency. Although the law does not require charities, including presidential foundations, to disclose the identities of their contributors, the criticism that the names of donors should be disclosed because of the United States . Commentator Matthew Yglesias wrote in a Los Angeles Times op-ed that the Clintons should make public the names of foundations to avoid any impropriety. [75]

A lengthy donor list was then released by the Foundation in December 2008, [16] which included several politically sensitive donors, such as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Blackwater Worldwide . [76] The Foundation stated that it would ensure that “not even the appearance of a conflict of interest” would exist when Hillary Clinton was Secretary of State. [76]

Her foundation has also been criticized for receiving donations from Middle Eastern countries of the Sharia Law in their political system, which is mostly limited to women (stoning for adultery, not being able to drive, having a male guardian required, etc.) . These countries include Saudi Arabia ($ 10-25 million), UAE , and Qatar . [77] Presidential campaign platform guaranteed back to back. [78]

In November 2016, the Reuters reported that “The Clinton Foundation has confirmed its acceptance of a $ 1 million gift from Qatar while Hillary Clinton was US Secretary of State without State support from foreign governments. ” [79] Conservative columnist Jennifer Rubin opined that the Qatari gift “raised ethical issues” because of the nation’s support for Hamas . [80]

The ethics agreement between the State Department and the Clinton Foundation that was put into force at the beginning of the Secretary of State Clinton’s tenure came under scrutiny from the news media during February 2015. A Wall Street Journal report found that the Clinton Foundation had resumed acceptance Clinton’s tenure had ended. [81] Contributions from foreign donors who are prohibited by law to contributors in the US constitute a major portion of the foundation’s income. A Washington Post investigation in 2014 showed that there was a “substantial overlap between the Clinton political machinery and the foundation”. The investigation revealed that almost half of all donors who had backedReady for Hillary , a group which supported her 2016 presidency bid, had given at least $ 10,000 to the foundation, either personally or through their companies. Craig Minassian explains that it is a “false choice” to “cause that would not be helpful philanthropic work.” [5]

A subsequent Washington Post inquiry into the provisions of the Clinton Foundation during the Secretary ‘s Office of the Secretary’ s Office, where the Clinton became secretary, which was permissible under the agreement, but also one instance a new donation, $ 500,000 from Algeria for earthquake relief in Haiti, that was outside the bounds of the continuum of provision and should have received a special ethics review, but did not. [82] Foundation officials said that if they would like to be elected in 2016, they would again consider what steps to take in reference to foreign donations. [82]In general, they are stressed, “As with other global charities, we rely on the support of individuals, organizations, corporations and governments who have the common goal of global critical challenges in a meaningful way. , it goes towards foundation programs that help save lives. ” [82] State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki attested that the foundation’s commitment to the ethics agreement in question “has been over and above the letter of the law”. [83] In August 2016, with the Clinton Foundation announced that it will stop accepting foreign donations if Clinton is elected. [84]

In March 2015, Reuters reported that the Clinton Health Access Initiative had failed to publish all of its donors, and to the State Department’s review of all of its donations from foreign governments in the United States. [85] In April 2015, the New York Times reported that when the State Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was the Secretary of State, the State Department of the United States, Rosatom to take a majority stake in Uranium One , which was given to the Clinton Foundation. [86]The State Department “was one of nine government agencies, not to mention independent federal and state nuclear regulators, who had to sign off on the deal.” [87] FactCheck.org decided that “the evidence is not a factor ” and “it does not matter”. [88] and PolitiFact concluded that any suggestion of a quid pro quo is unsubstantiated “. [87]

2015 State Department subpoena

In February 2016, The Washington Post reported that the United States Department of State issued a subpoena to the foundation in the fall of 2015. According to the report, the subpoena focused on “documents about the charity’s projects during Hillary Clinton’s term as secretary of state “and” also asked for records related to Huma Abedin , Clinton’s longtime aide who for six months in 2012 was employed by the State Department, the Clinton’s Foundation, personal office, and a private consulting firm ties to the Clintons. ” [89]

Private philanthropy

The Clinton Foundation is a public organization to which anyone may donate. To to their their their Due Due Due Due Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl. The two foundations are sometimes conflated by news sources. [8] The significantly smaller Clinton Family Foundation is a traditional private foundation that provides for the personal charitable giving. [9] Headquartered in Chappaqua, New York , it was nearly all about the $ 14 million Clintons gave to charity from 2007-13. [8]

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