Council of Relief Agencies Licensed to Operate in Germany

The Council of Relief Agencies Licensed to Operate in Germany ( CRALOG ) Was a Non Governmental organization created in 1946 by the American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service and included 11 Major Relief agencies Such As the International Red Cross .

Food relief shipments to Germany had been banned by the US until December 1945, since “they might tend to negate the policy of restricting the German standard of living to the average European nations”. [1] [2]

CRALOG was created after the American Council had dispatched a survey team to occupied Germany, which had reported back on the situation in February 1946. CRALOG was then on February 19, 1946, established and designated by the Truman administration in a directive on relief contributions to Germany has the only channel through which the US occupation zone could go.

The survey team had been authorized to visit the United States. On January 1946 34 US senators had petitioned that private relief organizations be allowed to help Germany and Austria, stating that the desperate food situation in occupied Germany “presents a picture of such frightful horror as to stagger the imagination, the United States as an accomplice in a terrible crime against humanity. ” [3]

The Governors of the Western Allied Occupation Areas in Germany signed contracts permitting CRALOG to provide relief in their respective areas as follows: General Lucius D. Clay , US Government’s military governor occupation zone signed on January 29, 1946, the UK governor signed on July 12, 1946, and the French on July 30, 1946. The Allied Kommandatura that jointly ruled Berlin signed in April 1947. [4]

A relief worker described the situation encountered in Germany in 1946 thus:

Starvation is not the most important thing in the world. The starving … those who are dying never say anything and one rarely sees them. They are becoming listless and weak, they react quickly to cold and chill, they sit in their rooms or listlessly in their beds … one day they just die. The doctor usually diagno-his malnutrition and complications resulting therefrom. Old women and girls are more likely to be in the kitchen than they are. It is pretty hard for an American who has lacked enough food to become hungry just once or twice in a lifetime to understand what real starvation is. [5]

The first CRALOG shipment arrived in Bremen harbor in April 1946, and by the termination of the program in 1962 it had dispatched 300,000 tons of aid to Germany.

See also

  • American food policy in occupied Germany
  • Elsa Brändström
  • CARE Package (CARE was created by the same organization as CRALOG)
  • GARIOA
  • Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia
  • UNRRA
  • Eisenhower and German POWs
  • The President’s Economic Mission to Germany and Austria

Notes

  1. Jump up^ The US Army In The Occupation of Germany 1944-1946 by Earl F. ZiemkeFootnotes to chapter 23, Further referenced to: (1) Memo, European Theater Section Group, OPD, for L & LD, sub: Establishment of Civilian Director of Relief, 8 Dec 45, in OPD, ABC 336 (sec IV) (boxes 155-). (2) OMGUS, Control Office, Hist Br, History of US Military Government in Germany, Public Welfare, 9 Jul. 46, in OMGUS 21-3 / 5.
  2. Jump up^ “CARE Packageshipments to the private bar until June 5, 1946”. (see previous reference)
  3. Jump up^ Steven Bela Vardy and T. Hunt Tooley, eds. “Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe”ISBN 0-88033-995-0. Chapter by Richard Dominic Wiggers, “The United States and the Refusal to Feed German Civilians after World War II” p.282,283 Further reference to: Kenneth S. Wherry, United States Senate, Committee on Appropriations, to the President, 4 January 1946, HST / WHOF / B1272.
  4. Jump up^ Mennonite encyclopedia
  5. Jump up^ Steven Bela Vardy and T. Hunt Tooley, eds. “Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe”ISBN 0-88033-995-0. Chapter by Richard Dominic Wiggers, “The United States and the Refusal to Feed German Civilians after World War II” p.282,283 Further referenced to HST / Andrews / 30; Testimony of Mr. GV Gaevernitz, US Senate, Judiciary, Bill to Amend the Trading with the Enemy Act, June 18, 1946.

References

  • Egan, Eileen and Elizabeth Clark Reiss. Transfigured Night . Library of Congress Number 64-7646.

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