Handicap International

Handicap International is an organization that does not depend on any government, created in 1982 to provide assistance in refugee camps in Cambodia and Thailand . Headquartered in France and Belgium , since its creation, it has opened branches in six other countries: Switzerland , Luxembourg , United Kingdom , Germany , Canada and the United States .

It is an organization which is independent of all governments, which aims to help disabled and vulnerable people in situations of poverty and exclusion , conflict and disaster. [1]

More than 3,500 field staff are currently located in more than 60 countries worldwide. [1]

Handicap International is one of the six founding members of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines which received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997. [2] Since February 2005, the organization has been calling for cluster munitions and conducting research on human impact of these weapons. Handicap International is a founding member of the Cluster Munition Coalition , an international civil society campaign that works with the production and storage of all munition. [3] In February 2006, Belgium became the first country to have a result of Handicap International’s public awareness and advocacy efforts. [4]Handicap International has been a vocal advocate of the Convention on Ammunition Cluster (CCM), an international treaty banning the use, transfer and stockpile of these weapons adopted on May 30, 2008 in Dublin , Ireland. There are currently 68 states that have ratified the CCM and 43 non-ratifying signatories. [5]

Handicap International won the prize of the 2011 Conrad N. Hilton Humanitarian Prize , a $ 1.5 million prize, for its commitment to disabled people living in situations of poverty , exclusion , conflict or natural disasters . It is also a member organization of the International Disability and Development Consortium .

History and beginnings

Handicap International Was Founded in France in 1982 [6] by Two French doctors to help the ones Who Suffered Because of the landmines in Cambodian refugee camps. The first orthopedic centers were set up in refugee camps in Thailand, Cambodia, Burma and Laos. Simple, locally available equipment has been used by Handicap International, enabling immediate, effective and practical assistance to the process, and competent local teams to carry on the work. In 1986, Handicap International Belgium was set up, and the organization began to extend its work to other countries.

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:b Handicap International UK. “Handicap International website” . Handicap-international.org.uk . Retrieved 2012-03-14 .
  2. Jump up^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1997/icbl.html
  3. Jump up^ http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/the-coalition/members/
  4. Jump up^ http://the-monitor.org/index.php/publications/display?act=submit&pqs_year=2009&pqs_type=cm&pqs_report=belgium&pqs_section=
  5. Jump up^ http://www.clusterconvention.org/ratifications-and-signatures/
  6. Jump up^ http://www.handicap-international.us/hi/new/

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