International Islamic Relief Organization

The International Islamic Relief Organization ( IIRO ; Arabic : هيئة الإغاثة الإسلامية العالمية ), Also Known As the International Islamic Relief Organization of Saudi Arabia ( IIROSA ) is a charity based in Saudi Arabia founded by the Muslim World League in 1978. [2 ] [3] It is a full member of the Conference of NGOs , where it serves on the board. [4] [5] The IIRO is included in a list of some of the UNHCR’s major NGO partners and has been involved in many joint programs with UN Agencies and Intergovernmental Organizations (such as the World Health Organization [6] ) and non-governmental organizations. [1] It has enjoyed consultative status on the United Nations Economic and Social Council since 1995. [7] It was the first Islamic NGO to observe gain status with the International Organization for Migration (IOM). [8] It is also a member of the International Humanitarian City based in Dubai , UAE . [9]

Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks , it was alleged that one of Osama bin-Laden’s brothers-in-law had used the IIRO Philippines and Indonesian Branches to work with terrorist organizations worldwide, and that a brother of Al-Qaeda official Ayman al Zawahiri working for the IIRO in Albania hAD Brought a number of members of the terror group Egyptian Islamic Jihad to Work for IIRO fait que European country. [10] IIRO denies any wrongdoing. [11]

History

IIRO is an affiliate of the Muslim World League (MWL). A Saudi Royal Decree issued on January 29, 1979, approved the decision of MWL to form IIROSA made in 1978. [3]

It is a member of the International Islamic Council for Da’wah and Relief (IICDR), has observer status at the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation , consultative status at the United Nations Economic and Social Council [12](ECOSOC) and links to Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) among many others. [13]

IIRO maintains an up-to-date website in both Arabic and English. [14]

Activities

In 2003 and 2004, approximately US $ 36 million was spent on 2258 projects involving 4,586,085 containers in 81 countries. IIROSA’s seven main programs received:

  • Social Welfare: US $ 13 million.
  • Engineering Department: About US $ 7 million.
  • Society Development and Seasonal Projects: About US $ 6 million.
  • Emergency Relief: About US $ 4 million.
  • Health Care: US $ 2 million.
  • Educational Care: US $ 2 million.
  • Qur’an Memorization: US $ 1 million.

IIRO worked in shared projects with the World Health Organization, the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, the United Nations High Commission for Refugees and the World Food Program. [13]

  • IIRO provided assistance to the victims of 2005 earthquake in the affected areas and regions of Pakistan which were virtually isolated and inaccessible. [15]

In 2012/2013 approximately SAR 127 million riyals was spent on 1,294 projects which benefited 7,056,349 individuals in 58 countries. IIROSA’s seven main programs received:

  • Emergency Relief Program: SAR 54.5 million riyals.
  • Community Development & Seasonal Projects Program: SAR 25 million riyals.
  • Educational Welfare Program: SAR 12.4 million riyals.
  • Social Welfare Program: SAR 11.8 million riyals
  • Engineering Department: SAR 9.9 million riyals.
  • Health Care Program: SAR 7.8 million riyals.
  • Holy Qur’an and Da’wa Program: SAR 4 million riyals.

IIRO activities during this period are based on 58 countries, as follows:

Countries of activities

Middle Eastern and Asian Countries: Saudi Arabia, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Jordan, Syria, Palestine, Afghanistan, United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Pakistan, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Philippines, China, Iraq, Lebanon and Yemen. African Countries: Uganda, Chad, Tanzania, Comoros, South Africa, Lesotho, South Sudan, Mozambique, Niger, Benin, Djibouti, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Guinea Bissau, Guinea Conakry, Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia , Eritrea, Somalia, Togo, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Egypt, Mauritania and Nigeria. European Countries: Germany, Switzerland, Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosova and Macedonia. South American Countries: Brazil. [14] [16]

Controversy

Southeast Asia

In the wake of the 9/11 destruction of the World Trade Center twin towers, it was alleged that one of Osama bin-Laden’s brothers-in-law ( Mohammed Jamal Khalifa who was subsequently murdered in Madagascar in 2007) used the IIRO Philippines and Indonesian Branches to work with organizations in the Philippines, Indonesia and elsewhere. [10] Khalifa came to the Philippines in 1987 or 1988 as the first head of the Philippine branch of IIRO. He was also the IIRO’s Southeast Asia regional director. [17] [18]According to researcher Zachary Abuza, Khalifa established several charities and Islamic organizations in the Philippines ostensibly for charity and religious work. [19]According to the Philippines National Security Advisor, Roilo Golez, Khalifa “built up the goodwill of the community through charity and then turned segments of the population into agents.” [19]

Amongst other organizations, Khalifa established the “International Relations and Information Center”, which served as the “primary funding mechanism” for the ” Bojinka plan ” of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and Ramzi Yousef to assassinate Pope John Paul II and blow up eleven American jetliners ( Some 4,000 passengers and killing Bringing air travel to a standstill) [20] in early 1995. [19] (The plan was aborted after-chemical fire drew the Philippine National Police ‘s (PNP) Attention on January 6-7, 1995. [21]A Philippines intelligence report claims that while the IIRO “claims to be a relief institution” it “is being used by foreign extremists as a pipeline through which funding for local extremists” travels. [19] A defector from the Abu Sayyaf terror group told authorities, “the IIRO was behind the construction of mosques, school buildings and other livelihood projects”, but only “in areas penetrated, highly influenced and controlled by the Abu Sayyaf.” According to the defector, “only 10 to 30% of foreign funding goes to the legitimate relief and livelihood projects and the rest go to terrorist operations.” [19]According to Abuja, while Filipino government has shut down all the charities run by Khalifa to finance Abu Sayyaf, a senior Philippine intelligence official complained to him that, “we could not touch the IIRO.” [19] The Islamic Revolution, the Islamic Wisdom Worldwide Mission in 1995. According to Abuza, “intense diplomatic pressure” from Saudi Arabia kept the charity open. “Their most important source of Filipino guest workers.” [19]

On August 3, 2006, the US Treasury Department designated the Philippines and Indonesian branch offices of IIRO as terrorist entities. [10] Consequently, in August 2006 the United Nations Security Council listed IIRO’s branch offices in Indonesia and the Philippines as belonging to or associated with al-Qaeda [22] – and then after a petition had been made to the UN Ombudsperson, delisted them in 2014. [23] Subsequently, the Philippines and the Indonesian branch offices of IIRO were delisted by the US Treasury Department on August 16, 2016. [24]

At the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States, Steven Emerson , identified IIRO as a major radical Islamic institution, in part, “responsible for fueling Islamic militancy around the world”, and Rohan Gunaratna , Institute for Defense and Strategic Studies, Singapore, stated, “… Mohammed Jamal Khalifa is the brother-in-law of Osama bin Laden, He arrived in the Philippines in 1988 and he became the founding director of the International Islamic Relief Organization of Saudi Arabia. to al Qaeda funds to the Abu Sayyaf group and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front . ” [25]

As well as being white designated by the US Treasury in 2006, [10] the Philippines and Indonesian branches of IIRO Were aussi included in the UN list [22] maintained by United Nations Security Council Committee 1267 – qui subsequently delisted em in 2014. [26 ] The Philippine and Indonesian branch offices of IIRO were aussi delisted by the US Treasury Department on the 16 August 2016. [24]

Neither the Philippines nor the Indonesian branch offices of IIRO have ever been prosecuted by the Philippines or Indonesian authorities.

Albania

Another country where IIRO is alleged to be aided and abetted by foreigners in the field of Communist country of Albania . In 1992, with the support of the government of Sali Berisha “turned to Saudi Arabia for financial support”. Among the thirty Islamic NGOs and Islamic associations worked towards re-Islamization Albania was the IIRO. Muhammad al Zawahiri, the brother of Ayman al Zawahiri , leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad movement and Osama bin Laden’s key lieutenant) as an accountant for the International Islamic Relief Organization (IIRO). In addition to helping with relief and spreading of Islam, I have been able to find Islamic Jihad within “charitable organizations building mosques, orphanages and clinics” in Albania. They included the architect Muhammad Hassan Tita, who was assigned to collect 20% of the salaries earned by the Islamic Jihad members employed by NGOs. By the mid-1980s, there were 13 members of Islamic Jihad in Albania’s capital Tirana. Shawki Salama Attiya, a trainer instructor in Afghan camps in the 1980s, who specialized in false identity documents came to Albania under the pseudonym of Majed Mustafa, and Ahmed Osman Saleh,[27] [28] Several Egyptian Islamists were arrested in 1998, particularly after the 1998 United States embassy bombings . [27]

Responses from IIRO

IIRO has always had no control over it, or any of its branch offices, and it has been approved that it be Al Qaida or any terrorist group. [11]

The accuracy, reliability and veracity of the allegations particularly the role of Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, has been strongly disputed by IIRO, especially since it was in fact founded in Saudi Arabia in 1978, [3] 10 years before Mohammed Jamal Khalifa is alleged to have been one of its founding directors in the Philippines. In addition, IIRO had closed its Philippines branch in 2004, more than two years before it was designated. Although Mohammed Jamal Khalifa was an employee of IIRO between 1991 and 1993, he was never a director of IIRO. More than 10 years after he was employed by IIRO, Mohammed Jamal Khalifa was dismissed from the 9/11 lawsuits by the US district court. He was murdered in Madagascar in 2007. [29]

It has been claimed that Abd al-Hamid Sulaiman Muhammed al-Mujil, who was the regional manager of the Eastern Office of IIRO in Saudi Arabia between 1986 and 2006 was involved in financing terrorism via both the Philippines and the Indonesian branches of IIRO. The accuracy, reliability and veracity of this accusation by IIRO and by Abd al-Hamid Sulaiman Muhammed al-Mujil – who after presenting a petition to the UN Security Council Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee’s Sanctions List on the 1 July 2013, [30] [31] more than 6 years after he had been employed by IIRO.

IIRO has always had the most responsibility for the issue of ethnic background, nationality, social status or belief. [14]

From listing of suspected terror list

In 2009, IIRO petitioned the Security Council for the removal of the two branches from the list in January 2010, [32] and as a result on January 6, 2014, the Security Council Committee removed the IIRO offices in Indonesia and the Philippines from this Al -Qaida Sanctions List after concluding its consideration of the claims for these names submitted by the Office of the Ombudsman to the Security Council resolution 1904 (2009), and after considering the Comprehensive Reports of the Ombudsperson on these delisting requests. [23] As a result of the delisting, the US also delisted the Indonesia and Philippines Branch Offices of IIRO. [33]and the United Kingdom HM Treasury Financial Statements Notice (dated 14 January 2014) confirmed the deletion of IIRO Philippines and Indonesia from its consolidated list of persons and entities having a connection with Al Qaeda . [34]

None of the member states represented on the Committee appears to have objected to the de-listing. [11]

Subsequently, the Philippines and the Indonesian branch offices of IIRO were delisted by the US Treasury Department on August 16, 2016. [24]

Current status

In 2014 the International Islamic Relief Organization – Saudi Arabia (IIROSA) signed a memorandum of understanding with United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) to establish a mutual cooperation framework to provide assistance to Palestinian refugees . Remarking on the occasion Peter Ford, Representative of the Commissioner-General of UNRWA, said: “We are very pleased to be renewing and intensifying our cooperation with IIROSA, which has a high reputation for professional and humanitarian concern. We have worked together in the past, and we are working hard to improve the lives of our children.Syrian conflict . ” [35]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:b “External Relations Of Iirosa” . Egatha.org . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  2. Jump up^ “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on November 29, 2014 . Retrieved January 26, 2015 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:c “About Us” . Egatha.org . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  4. Jump up^ 23rd CONGO General Assembly. December 5-7, 2007, Geneva. Archived copy . Archived from the original on March 21, 2016 . Retrieved 2007-12-30 . retrieved December 30, 2007
  5. Jump up^ “Full members listing” . Ngocongo.org . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  6. Jump up^ “International Islamic Relief Organization” . Georgetown University Berkeley Center . Retrieved 2 March 2017 .
  7. Jump up^ ODS Team. “Ods Home Page” (PDF) . Documents-dds-ny.un.org . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  8. Jump up^ “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on November 29, 2014 . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .
  9. Jump up^ “Members Directory” . International Humanitarian City . Archived fromthe original on November 29, 2014 . Retrieved January 26, 2015 .
  10. ^ Jump up to:d “Protecting Charitable Organizations – I” . Treasury.gov . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  11. ^ Jump up to:c “International Law Solicitors” . Carter-Ruck. October 22, 2014. Archived from the original on November 13, 2014 . Retrieved July 24,2016 .
  12. Jump up^ University of CopenhagenIslamic NGOs in Africa: The Promise and Peril of Islamic Voluntarism ArchivedJune 9, 2007, at theWayback Machine. retrieved December 30, 2007
  13. ^ Jump up to:b IIROSA Annual Report for the Fiscal Year 2003/2004permanent dead link ] retrieved December 30, 2007
  14. ^ Jump up to:c “iirosa.org” . Egatha.org . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  15. Jump up^ IIRO Assists Earthquake Victims In Pakistan ArchivedAugust 28, 2008, at theWayback Machine.. The Saudi Arabia Information Resource, October 24, 2005.
  16. Jump up^ “iirosa_annualreport_3334_en.pdf – Google Drive” . Drive.google.com . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  17. Jump up^ Giraldo, Jeanne K .; Trinkunas, Harold A. Terrorism Financing and State Responses: A Comparative Perspective . Sanford University Press. p. 120 . Retrieved 13 May 2015 .
  18. Jump up^ “Complete 911 Timeline, Mohammed Jamal Khalifa” . History Commons . Retrieved 13 May 2015 .
  19. ^ Jump up to:g Abuza, ” Funding Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Financial Network of Al Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiyah Archived December 23, 2015 at the Wayback Machine ,.” The National Bureau of Asian Research14, no. 5 (December 2003): 176.
  20. Jump up^ Wright, Lawrence (2006). The Looming Tower . Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 235-6 . Retrieved 14 May 2015 .
  21. Jump up^ Jones ,, David Martin; Lane, Ann (eds.). Terrorism, Security and the Power of Informal Networks . Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 165 . Retrieved 14 May 2015 .
  22. ^ Jump up to:b United Nations Proscribed List of Individuals and entitiesArchived April 30, 2007 at the Wayback Machine . retrieved January 21, 2010.
  23. ^ Jump up to:b Security Council Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee Deletes Two Entries from Its List Archived January 18, 2006 at the Wayback Machine . 6 JANUARY 2014 SC / 11243. United Nations. Meetings, Coverage and Press Releases.
  24. ^ Jump up to:c “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on December 1, 2016 . Retrieved 2016-12-01 .
  25. Jump up^ National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States, Public Hearing, Wednesday, July 9, 2003 ArchivedDecember 3, 2016, at theWayback Machine. retrieved December 30, 2007.
  26. Jump up^ “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on November 11, 2016 . Retrieved 2016-12-01 .
  27. ^ Jump up to:b Sfeir, Antoine, ed. (2007). The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism . Columbia University Press. pp. 28-30 . Retrieved 14 April2015 .
  28. Jump up^ Freeman, Michael (ed.). Financing Terrorism: Case Studies . Ashgate Publishing Limited . Retrieved 14 April 2015 .
  29. Jump up^ Nick Fielding. “Gems, al-Qa’ida and murder” Osama Bin Laden’s mystery over killing . The Guardian . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  30. Jump up^ “Al-Qaeda Security Council Sanctions Committee Deletes Abd al Hamid Sulaiman Muhammed al-Mujil from Its Sanctions List | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases” . Un.org . 2013-07-01 . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  31. Jump up^ “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on March 29, 2015 . Retrieved November 19, 2014 .
  32. Jump up^ “IIRO wants to get away from it ArchivedSeptember 10, 2016, at theWayback Machine..” (January 9, 2010)Arab News
  33. Jump up^ “EUR-Lex – 32014R0021 – EN – EUR-Lex” . Eur-lex.europa.eu . Retrieved 2016-07-24 .
  34. Jump up^ “Policy paper Current list of designated persons, Al-Qaida” . GOV.UK. Her Majesty’s Government . Retrieved 7 April 2015 .
  35. Jump up^ “Deeper Partnership between UNRWA and IIROSA” . United Nations Relief and Works (UNRWA) . Retrieved 26 January 2015 .

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