Oxfam

Oxfam is an international confederation of charitable organizations focused on the alleviation of global poverty . Oxfam was founded at 17 Broad Street in Oxford , Oxfordshire , in 1942 as the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief by a group of Quakers , social activists , and Oxford academics; this is now Oxfam Great Britain , still based in Oxford. It was one of several local committees formed in support of the National Famine Relief Committee. Their mission was to persuade the British government to allow food relief through the Alliedblockade for the starving citizens of occupied Greece . The first overseas Oxfam was founded in Canada in 1963. The organization changed its name to its telegraphic address , OXFAM , in 1965.

History

The original Oxford Committee for Famine Relief was a group of concerned citizens including Doctor Henry Gillett (prominent local Quaker ), Canon Theodore Richard Milford , Professor Gilbert Murray and his wife Lady Mary, Cecil Jackson-Cole and Sir Alan Pim. The Committee puts in the Old Library of the Virgin Mary’s University of the Virgin , Oxford, for the first time in 1942, and its aim was to relieve famine in Greece caused by Nazi Germany’s military occupation and Allied naval blockades. By 1960, it was a major international non-governmental aid organization . quote needed ]

The name Oxfam comes from the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief, founded in Britain in 1942 and registered in UK law in 1943. Oxfam International was formed in 1995 by a group of independent non-governmental organizations. Their aim is to work together for greater impact on the international stage to reduce poverty and injustice . Stichting Oxfam International registered as a non-profit foundation at The Hague , Netherlands .

Oxfam’s first paid employee was Joe Mitty , who was working on the Oxfam shop on Broad Street, Oxford on November 9, 1949. Engaged to manage the accounts and distributes donated clothing. developed the shop into a national chain. [1] [2]

Mission and values

Oxfam’s programs address the structural causes of poverty and related injustice and work through local accountable organizations, seeking to enhance their effectiveness. Oxfam’s stated goal is to help people in the process of becoming poorer and more vulnerable to poverty. quote needed ]

Values

In November 2000, Oxfam adopted the rights-based approach to the framework for the work of the Confederation and its partners. Oxfam recognizes the universality and indivisibility of human rights and has adopted these overarching principles

  • the right to a sustainable livelihood
  • the right to basic social services
  • the right to life and security
  • the right to be heard
  • the right to an identity [3]

Oxfam believes that poverty and powerlessness are avoidable and can be eliminated by human action and political will. The right to a sustainable livelihood, and the right to participate in societies and make positive changes to people’s lives Oxfam believes that it is important for countries and nations to be more important than others. quote needed ]

Oxfam’s work

Focus areas

Oxfam’s initial concern was the provision of food to famine relief, over the years the organization has developed strategies to fight the causes of famine. In addition to food and medicine, Oxfam also provides tools to enable people to become self-supporting and open to the world.

Oxfam’s program has three main points of focus: development work, which tries to lift communities out of poverty with long-term, sustainable solutions based on their needs; humanitarian work, assisting those affected by conflict and natural disasters, especially in the field of water and sanitation ; and lobbyist , advocacy and popular campaigning, trying to affect policy decisions at local, national, and international levels.

Oxfam works on trade justice , fair trade , education , debt and aid , livelihoods , health , HIV / AIDS , gender equality , conflict (campaigning for an international arms trade treaty) and natural disasters , democracy and human rights , and climate change .

Through programs like “Saving for Change”, Oxfam is working to help communities become more self-sufficient financially. The Saving for Change initiative is a program that provides community-based, informal credit groups. Through these mutually beneficial groups, members who are more likely to pay a large portion of the total cost of their medical care. business ventures. Ultimately, the goal of the program is to leave the community with a self-sustaining organization. In doing so, borrowers can start businesses which benefit not only themselves but their communities.[4]

Additionally, Oxfam has provided relief services during various global crises, including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict , the North Korean famine , the 2011 drought , the Sahel drought , the Nepal earthquake [5] and the Yemeni crisis. [6] The Bosfam NGO was also founded in May 1995 by women participating in an Oxfam GB psycho-social ‘radionice’ project to support internally displaced women during the Bosnian war. Oxfam has become a globally recognized leader in providing water sanitation to impoverished and war torn areas the world over. In 2012, Oxfam became one of the humanitarian groups that included the UK’s Rapid Response Facility to ensure clean water in the wake of humanitarian disasters. [7]

A January 2014 report by Oxfam claimed that the 85 wealthiest individuals in the world have a combined wealth of 50% of the world’s population, or about 3.5 billion people. [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] More recently, in January 2015, Oxfam reported that the wealthiest 1 percent will be more than half of the global wealth by 2016. [13] A 2017-released Oxfam report has stated that 8 billionaires possess the same amount of wealth as the poorest half of humanity. [14] [15] [16] [17]

Activities

Oxfam has four main focuses for its resources. These are: Economic Justice, Essential Services, Human Rights in Crisis, and Gender Justice.

Economic Justice focuses on making farming work for farmers and agricultural laborers living in poverty and vulnerable circumstances, and reducing the impact of climate change and energy shocks.

Essential Services focuses on; requiring greater accountability and accountability in the provision of health services, and the provision of health services and the provision of health services, international institutions, as well as make sure they honor existing commitments on aid and debt reduction.

Rights in Crisis focuses on improving the ability to deliver better and better services, and improving the capacity of the international humanitarian system to deliver better protection and greater assistance, and working within the framework of human security, with a greater focus on preventing conflict, peacebuilding , reconciliation and longer-term development.

Gender justice in the United States: increasing the number of children in the world, increasing the number of women in school They can work, [18] working to end gender-based violence by changing ideas, attitudes and beliefs of men and women, and violence against women, and strengthening Oxfam’s own learning and capabilities on gender and justice. all our work. quote needed ]

Campaigns

Make Trade Fair

Make Trade Fair is a campaign organized by Oxfam International that focuses on the elimination of several trade practices:

  • Dumping , which occurs when highly subsidized, surplus commodities from developed countries, such as cotton, corn, and sugar are sold at low prices and farmers from poor countries have difficulty competing. It is believed that this is an important factor in the production of agricultural products. [19]
  • Tariffs , where nations enforce high taxes on imported goods, restricting the sales of products of other nations. [20]
  • Unbalanced labor rights for women, who often earns less than their male counterparts. [21]
  • Stringent patent issues, which prevent the prices of medication, software, and textbooks (eg Gene patents , Chemical patents , and Software patents ) from being lowered. Thus, such essential goods are often inaccessible to developing nations. [22]

Shops

Oxfam has many shops all over the world, which sell many fair trade and donated items. They opened their first charity shop in 1948, [23] and began trading in 1947. Oxfam’s mission and relief efforts around the globe.

Much of their stock still comes from Africa, Asia and South America, including handcrafts, books, music CDs and instruments, clothing, toys, food and ethnic creations. These objects are brought to the public through fair trade to help the quality of life of their producers and surrounding communities. [24]

Oxfam has over 1,200 shops worldwide. [25] More than half of the world in the UK with around 750 Oxfam UK shops including specialist shops such as books, music, furniture and bridal wear. Oxfam Germany has 45 shops including specialist book shops; Oxfam Hong Kong has 2 shops selling donated goods and fair trade products. Oxfam Novib, Oxfam Australia (with over 20 fair trade shops), Oxfam Ireland and Oxfam in Belgium also raise funds from shops.

Of the 750 Oxfam charity shops around the UK, around 100 are specialist bookshops or book and music shops. Oxfam is the largest retailer of second-hand books in Europe, selling around 12 million per year.

In 2008, Oxfam GB worked with over 20,000 volunteers in shops across the UK, raising £ 17.1 million for Oxfam’s program work. [26]

Fundraising

Oxfam has a number of successful fundraising channels in addition to its shops. Over half a million people in the UK make a regular contribution to its work, and vital funds are received from the left of the organization in people’s wills. Many London Marathon [27] , and Oxfam, Inc., and Oxfam, also provide funding and support for festivals and festivals at Glastonbury . In conjunction with the Gurkha Welfare Trust , Oxfam also runs several Trailwalker events in Hong Kong , Australia , New Zealand , the United Kingdom and Japan. Oxfam GB asks people to ‘get together’ [28] and fundraise by hosting events with friends and colleagues on International Women’s Day, 8 March.

Christopher McCandless , the subject of the book and the film Into the Wild , donated to the Alaskan Wilderness.

In August 2009 Arctic Monkeys released a 7-inch vinyl version of their new single “Crying Lightning” exclusively through Oxfam shops, with proceeds going to charity. Recently Oxfam India is emerging as a successful fundraising unit, with the help of the motivated team and the Resource Mobilization Heads.

Every October, Oxfam also holds the Oxjam music festival across the UK to raise funds for its activities.

In April 2017 the Information Commissioner ‘s Office fined eleven charities that breaches the Data Protection Act by misusing donors’ personal data. Oxfam was fined £ 6,000. [29]

Publications

Annual Report; Strategic Plan; Research and Policy papers [30]

Policy & Research with Oxfam publications (research reports, policy papers), which can be filtered by subject and / or by date [31]

Behind the Brands

In 2013, Oxfam started the Behind the Brands project, “to provide people who buy and enjoy these products with the information they need to hold the Big 10 [food and beverage companies] to account for what happens in their supply chains”. [32]

The Scorecard consists of seven categories, being: [32]

  • Transparency at a corporate level
  • Women farmers and small-scale producers in the supply chain
  • Workers on farms in the supply chain
  • Farmers (small-scale) growing commodities
  • Land, both rights and access to land
  • Water, both rights and access to water resources
  • Climate change, climate change and climate change

The table below provides an overview of the evolution of the scores (in percentage): [33]

Company February 2013 June 2013 September 2013 February 2014 October 2014
Nestle 54% 56% 61% 64% 70%
Unilever 49% 49% 56% 63% 70%
Coca Cola 41% 41% 46% 54% 59%
PepsiCo 31% 31% 31% 41% 44%
Mondelēz 29% 30% 30% 33% 34%
Danone 29% 29% 33% 31% 31%
March 30% 31% 31% 31% 31%
Kellogg’s 23% 23% 23% 29% 31%
General Mills 23% 23% 24% 21% 30%
Associated British Foods 19% 19% 19% 27% 30%
Average score 32.80% 33.20% 35.40% 39.40% 43.00%

Affiliates

Oxfam GB (Great Britain)

Oxfam GB headquarters are located in Cowley, Oxford. There is also the Oxfam Finance Office in Newcastle , from where all Oxfam Shops are managed. [34] These shops sell second-hand goods including books, clothing, music and furniture.

In 2008 Oxfam was recognized as one of Britain’s Top Employers [35] by CRF, [36] when 5,955 people were working worldwide for Oxfam GB.

In 2017, Oxfam GB advocated an expanded migration to the United Kingdom by family reunification in recommendations to the government and should be extended to encompass extended family members and legal aid for family reunification to be reintroduced. [37] Oxfam International advocates for higher migration to Europe. [38]

Oxfam Ireland

Oxfam Ireland works with local partner organizations in developing countries to develop effective solutions to poverty and injustice. It is a registered charity in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, with headquarters in Dublin and Belfast.

Funds

Funds are raised via three different sources:

  • Shops: there are 51 shops throughout Ireland selling goods donated by the public
  • Government: the Irish Government allocated over € 3.7m to Oxfam work in 2008-9.
  • Private donors, Corporate and Institutional Funding: who donates regularly via direct debit or to special appeals.

Oxfam Structure Ireland is the public of the two legal bodies registered in the respective jurisdictions as Oxfam Northern Ireland and Oxfam Republic of Ireland. Oxfam Ireland operates coherently on an all-island basis by a single management structure and shared membership of associations and councils.

Oxfam Canada

Oxfam Canada traces its history to 1963, when the British-based Oxford Committee for Famine Relief sought to establish a Canadian branch. Oxfam Canada was independently incorporated in 1966; the first Board of Directors included 21 distinguished Canadians. In 1967, Oxfam Canada became a key organizer of the successful Miles for Millions fundraising walks across the country. In that year, Lester Pearson (then Canadian Prime Minister ) led Oxfam’s first Miles for Millions March. With its revenues, Oxfam began to provide educational materials and policies.

The early 1970s was a critical period of growth as Oxfam began its own programming overseas in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and established a network of staff and volunteers across Canada to support its work. The original idea was born with Oxfam shops, Luk Moltten Professor at the University of Oxford. During this same period, Oxfam Canada began to analyze its role in the development process, moving towards a traditional model of charity (one-time grants) towards long-term development programming. Deeply involved in the international movement against apartheid in South Africaand Central American solidarity through the 1970s and ’80s, Oxfam Canada sought to address the fundamental, underlying causes of poverty. This in turn to Oxfam’s role as a major advocacy organization in the 1990s, to mobilize public support for changing policies that perpetuate poverty.

Oxfam Canada is a founding member of Oxfam, the federation of Oxfams worldwide. Today, Oxfam Canada works with over 100 partners organizations in developing countries, tackling the root causes of poverty and inequity and helping people to create self-reliant and sustainable communities. In Canada, Oxfam is active in education, policy advocacy and building a constituency of support for its work. [39] [ citation needed ]

Oxfam America

In 1970, Oxfam America became an independent nonprofit organization and an Oxfam affiliate in response to the humanitarian crisis created by the struggle for independence in Bangladesh. Oxfam America’s headquarters are located in Boston , Massachusetts with a policy and campaign office in Washington, DC and seven regional offices around the world. A registered 501 (c) 3 organization, Oxfam America campaigns for climate change adaptation , food security , aid reform, access to medicines, and fair trade .

Ray Offenheiser served as President and CEO of Oxfam America from 1996 until 2016. [40] As of 2017, the President and CEO is Abby Maxman. [41] [42]

Oxfam-Quebec

In 1973, Oxfam-Quebec became an independent member of the international Oxfam movement. Carried by the popularity of Yvon Deschamps , Oxfam-Quebec has become a cherished organization among the Quebecers . Its mission is to get the Francophone population involved in the situation of developing countries.

Oxfam New Zealand

Oxfam New Zealand [43] is an aid and development organization and an affiliate of Oxfam International who is responsible for humanitarian aid, development and advocacy work. [44] Oxfam NZ is also responsible for delivering Cyclone relief in several countries in the Pacific region. [45]

Oxfam New Zealand’s work is made possible by supporters, interns, staff, volunteers, board and overseas partners. Most of our staff are based in their Auckland office. They also have a policy unit in Wellington. [46] Most of Oxfam New Zealand’s funds from donations, supplemented by New Zealand government funds.

Oxfam Australia

Main article: Oxfam Australia

Oxfam Australia is an independent, not-for-profit, secular, community-based aid and development organization, and an affiliate of Oxfam International. Oxfam Australia’s work includes long-term development projects, responding to emergencies and campaigning to improve the lives of people around the world. They love to give them access to social services, an effective voice in decisions, equal rights and status, and safety from conflict and disaster.

Oxfam Australia’s activities are funded by community donation. Oxfam’s development and advocacy programs use 73% of donated funds, 16% is used for fundraising and promotion, and the remaining 11% for administration. In the case of emergency appeals, 85% of funds are used directly for emergency response purposes.

In 2009, Oxfam Australia’s work reached 4.64 million people in 28 countries. This was made possible by the support of more than 310,000 donors and campaigners. quote needed ]

Oxfam Novib (Netherlands)

Oxfam Novib is the Dutch affiliate of the international Oxfam organization. The organization is based in The Hague.

Oxfam Novib Was founded under the name Novib in 1956. Novib, an abbreviation standing for Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Bijstand International (Dutch organization for international aid), Was later changed to Nederlandse Organisatie voor Internationale Ontwikkelingssamenwerking (Dutch organization for international development cooperation) due to a change in approach of the organization’s development work. quote needed ]

In 1994, Novib became an affiliate of Oxfam and the organization changed its name in 2006 to Oxfam Novib.

Oxfam-in-Belgium

Oxfam in Belgium is a co-ordinating body of the Oxfam movement, Oxfam Solidarity, Oxfam and Oxfam Wereldwinkels.

Oxfam Solidarity incorporates the activities of Oxfam Belgium (founded in 1964) and those of Oxfam Projects (created in 1976).

Oxfam Solidarity supports approximately 200 projects and programs in the South totalling around 10 million Euro, thanks to co-financing by the Belgian government and the European Union. The income of the organization comes from recycling activities, from the support of donors and a result of campaigns.

Oxfam Wereldwinkels (Founded in 1971) and World-Oxfam Stores (founded in 1975) remain autonomous organizations, focusing on fair trade. With more than 220 outlets, as many groups and 7000 volunteers, they form a movement which, guided by the principles of fair trade, pursues objectives similar to those of Oxfam Solidarity.

Oxfam France

Oxfam France was founded in 1988 under the name “Act here for a united world”. Its work was already based on campaign and advocacy, both of which were rare in France at the time.

Acting here became an observer member of Oxfam in 2003, and a fully-fledged member in 2006. [47]

Based in Paris, Oxfam France claims its missions are to inform, increase public awareness and mobilize citizens. Oxfam France’s work in advocacy and research focuses on Economic Justice (ODA, tax heavens and innovative financing), Agriculture (speculation and food prizes, biofuels , land grabbing , trade rules), protecting civilians, and health.

Oxfam France is mainly funded by public donations and by institutional donors. [48]

It has five second-hand shops: [49] three bookshops (two in Paris, one in Lille), a clothes shop in Lille and a shop in Strasbourg.

Oxfam Germany

Oxfam Germany has its beginnings in an initiative by concerned private citizens who in 1986 opened a secondhand shop in Bonn modeled on the idea of ​​the British charity shops . While not officially associated with Oxfam, the shop has been staffed by volunteers and sold donated goods, with all of Oxfam GB. A second shop, following the same model, was opened in Cologne in 1991. [50]

Oxfam officially came to Germany in 1995 with the foundation of the charitable Oxfam Deutschland e. V. and its commercial subsidiary Oxfam Deutschland Shops GmbH. Oxfam Germany became a full affiliate of Oxfam International in 2003. [51]

As of February 2017, Oxfam was operating 52 charity shops in 34 German cities, [5] including five Oxfam bookshops and three fashion boutiques. According to Oxfam Germany website, there are 2,400 volunteers in those shops. [53]

Oxfam IBIS (Denmark)

IBIS was founded as an independent organization in Denmark, but has its roots in the Danish department of the World University Service and has been active since 1966 (initially mainly against apartheid and similar situations in other southern African nations). [54] [55] Since the 1970s, it has been working with projects in Africa and Latin America, and is usually focused on democracy, education and the causes of poverty . [54] [56] In 2014 IBIS became an observer member of Oxfam and in October 2016 it became a full member. [56] [57] Around the same time, the name was modified from IBIS to Oxfam IBIS. [55] [57]

Oxfam Hong Kong

Oxfam Hong Kong began in 1976, when volunteers came together, opened a second-hand shop, and raised funds for anti-poverty projects around the world. Some of the first actions in the 1970s and ’80s were to advocate for justice in the Vietnamese Boat People / Refugee crisis in Hong Kong, and to help save lives in Ethiopia during the 1984 famine. To date, Oxfam Hong Kong has helped poor people in 70 countries / states around the world. [58]

Oxfam India

Oxfam’s involvement in India began in 1951 to fight famine in Bihar. Bihar at the time was one of the poorest and most populated states in India. Bihar and famine would bring back to India in 1965 to address drought due to bad monsoons. Bihar held a population of 53 million, of which 40 million relied on subsistence farming to live. [59] [ page needed ] This would be a compound for India in the future; production of food had not been parallel to its exploding population. It is estimated that over 2,400 tons of milk were bought by Oxfam and at the height of this feeding of 400,000 starving children and mothers. [60]

In 1968 Oxfam’s first field director in India, Jim Howard, created the Oxfam Gramdan Action Program, or OGAP. [60] This would be the first joint rural development program in Oxfam and the first step to a new operational Oxfam.

Oxfam India was established on 1 September 2008 under section 25 of the Companies Act, 2005 as a non-profit organization with its head office in Delhi and is now a member of Oxfam International Confederation. This was marked by Oxfam’s 60th year in India. [61]

Oxfam International

The Oxfam International Secretariat (OIS) leads, facilitates, and supports collaboration Oxfam affiliates to increase Oxfam’s impact on poverty and injustice through advocacy campaigns, development programs and emergency response.

The OIS Board includes the Executive Director, Chair of each Affiliate, and the OI Chair. The Affiliates’ Chairs are voting members and are non-remunerated. The Executive Directors and the OI Chair are all non-voting-members. The Board also elects the Deputy Chair and Treasurer from among its voting members.

The Board is responsible for ensuring that Oxfam International is accountable, transparent, and fit for purpose. The constitution and Strategic Plan are also approved at the Board level. The Board takes recommendations from Executive Directors and ensures that the Confederation is working on its agreed aims. The Board also enjoys membership of the Confederation, selects the Honorary President, the Honorary Advisor, the Board Officers and the OI Executive Director. A number of subcommittees with experts are also mandated by the Board to assist with specific issues.

Oxfam International’s official languages ​​are English, French and Spanish; English is the working language. [62] In 2009-10 it was approximately 77 staff (including secondary placement and temporary staff for maternity cover). It is funded by contributions from affiliated organizations and has an operating budget of US $ 8.7M.

Ahead of the 2015 World Economic Forum Oxfam published its 2015 report on wealth concentration : “The combined wealth of the world’s richest 1 percent will overtake that of everyone else next year [2016]. [63]

Criticism

Political neutrality

Oxfam Great Britain Was Strongly criticised by other NGOs for Becoming too close to Tony Blair ‘s New Labor government in the UK. [64]

Internal structures and political role

Omaar and de Waal, in Food and Power in Sudan , [65] How, “The growing growth of the economy and the growth of the economy .” They quote an OECD report, “The Joint Evaluation of Emergency Operations in Rwanda”, which stated that its team to seek the views of the beneficiaries on the assistance being provided “. [66] In this climate, Oxfam has a number of criticisms, some specific to the organization itself,

Oxfam and others launched the Sphere Project , an initiative which aims to “improve the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters”, to “develop a set of minimum standards in cure areas of humanitarian assistance” and to introduce an element of accountability which had previously been lacking.

In 2005, the New Internationalist magazine described Oxfam as a “Big International Non-Government Organization (BINGO)”, having a corporate-style, undemocratic internal structure, and addressing the causes rather than the causes of international poverty – especially by acquiescing to neoliberal economics and Even Taking over Search conventionally filled by national gouvernements. [67]

Similar criticisms which? ] have been voiced by Red Pepper magazine [68] and Katherine Quarmby in the New Statesman . [69] Oxygen and other organizations within the Make Poverty Historymovement.

In an article for Columbia Journalism Review , [70] Karen Rothmyer, journalist, who is an expert in the field of information and communication. number provided by the organizations “) and of perpetuating negative stereotypes which” have the potential to influence policy “. She drew on earlier work by journalist Lauren Gelfand, who had taken a year away from journalism to work for Oxfam; “Oxfam does not have Oxfam” and Linda Polman, author of the Crisis Caravan; “Aid organizations are businesses dressed up like Mother Theresa.”

Conflict with Starbucks on Ethiopian coffee

On 26 October 2006, Oxfam accused Starbucks of asking the National Coffee Association (NCA) to block a US trademark application for Ethiopia ‘s coffee beans, Sidamo , Harar and Yirgacheffe . [71] They claimed this could result in denying Ethiopian coffee farmers potential annual earnings of up to £ 47m.

Ethiopia and Oxfam America urged Starbucks to sign a licensing agreement. At issue was Starbucks’ use of Ethiopia’s famed coffee brands-Sidamo, Yirgacheffe and Harar-that generate high margins for Starbucks and cost consumers a premium, yet generated very low prices at Ethiopian farmers.

Robert Nelson, the head of the NCA, added that his organization is one of the world’s leading companies in the industry. the Ethiopian coffee farmers economically. ” The NCA claimed the Ethiopian government was being badly advised and it was moving out of the market. [71]

Facing more than 90,000 letters of concern, Starbucks had placed pamphlets in its stores accusing Oxfam of “misleading behavior” and insisting that its “campaign need [s] to stop”. On 7 November, The Economist derided Oxfam’s “simplistic” stance and Ethiopia’s “economically illiterate” government, arguing that “Starbucks’ (and Illy’s ) standards-based approach would be more beneficial to farmers. [72] In conclusion of this issue, on 20 June 2007, representatives of the Government of Ethiopia and senior leaders from the Starbucks Coffee Company announced that they have executed an agreement regarding distribution, marketing and licensing that recognizes the importance and integrity of Ethiopia’s specialty coffee appointments. Financial terms regarding this agreement were not disclosed.

Starbucks, a part of the deal, also was set to market. Brandon Borrman, a Starbucks spokesman, said the announcement is “another development” in the relationship with Ethiopia and a way to raise the profile of Ethiopian coffee around the world.

Seth Petchers, an Oxfam spokesman, said the deal sounds like a “useful step” as long as farmers are benefiting, and it’s a big step back from a year ago when Starbucks “was not engaging directly with Ethiopians on adding value to their coffee “. [73]

Fair trade coffee

On April 28, 2007 an Australian think tank , the Institute of Public Affairs , lodged a complaint with the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission accusing Oxfam of misleading or deceptive conduct under the Trade Practices Act in its promotion of Fairtrade coffee. [74] Fairtrade helps to lift producers out of poverty. The complaint was subsequently dismissed by the Commission. [75]

Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Oxfam endorses the two-state solution and wants Israel to lift the blockade of the Gaza Strip and dismantle all of the Israeli settlement infrastructure.[76]

Oxfam UK is partnering with the Board of Deputies who represent the Jewish Community of the UK. The project, Grow-Tatzmiach, includes sending 25 people to an activist training programme to help fight global hunger. In exchange for partnering, Oxfam has agreed not to “call for a boycott of Israeli goods or to support groups that do so, and will not partner with organizations that advocate violence or oppose a two-state solution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict”. Despite this agreement, there are still those on both sides who object to this project.[76]

In October 2009, Oxfam was accused by Israeli NGO Regavim of aiding Palestinians in illegal activities in Kiryat Arba , including water theft. Oxfam has denied its participation. [77]

In response to a 2012 Oxfam report which laid the blame for poor economic development in the Palestinian territories with Israel, a spokesperson for Israel embassy in the UK said, “Oxfam’s latest report on the situation in the Palestinian territories puts a clearly political agenda “Far from advancing peace, such an approach undermines the prospects of reaching a negotiated resolution to the conflict.” [78]

Oxfam UK canceled an exhibition “Gaza: Through my Eyes” which was held to take place at the East London Mosque on 17 January 2014 after Left Foot Forward presented information to the homophobic and anti-semitic Ibrahim Hewitt. Human rights campaigner Peter Tatchell was reported as welcoming the event by Oxfam UK, “it is hugely disappointing that it did not own checks on (Mr. Hewitt) before agreeing his presence.” [79]

On 29 January 2014 actress Scarlett Johansson resigned as an international spokeswoman for Oxfam after appearing in a TV ad for SodaStream , a company that has a presence in the West Bank . Johansson “respectfully decided to end up an ambassador with Oxfam after eight years … She and Oxfam have a fundamental difference of opinion in view of the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement .” [80]

In February 2015 Israeli NGO Regavim released a report stating that the European Union had illegally funded the construction of houses; Oxfam and other NGOs participated in the project. Oxfam defended the construction “on humanitarian grounds.” [81]

Confrontation with Population Matters

In December 2009 Duncan Green, head of research at Oxfam, Attempted to discredit the PopOffsets initiative of Population Matters (formerly known as the Optimum Population Trust), under qui Individuals can offset Their Carbon Emissions by funding family planning services in the Developing World. Green wrote in an op-ed in the New Statesman that assumptions such as those in the OPT report include population growth and environmental degradationare a “gross oversimplification”. [82]

In response, OPT described the response of the lobby to the initiative as “frankly disgraceful”, adding: “The world badly needs a grown-up, rational discussion of the population issue … without blame, abuse and hysteria. ” [83]

Bookshops

Oxfam shop in Cirencester, England

Oxfam has been criticized [84] [85] for aggressively expanding its specialist bookshops, using tactics more often associated with multi-national corporations. The charity has been criticized as having some of this growth in the UK.

Commercial favors

In May 2013 Oxfam Demanded Dole remove its ‘Ethical Choice’ label from ict bananas in New Zealand up to it Improved treatment of ict workers in the Philippines . [86] A spokesperson spokesperson said Oxfam’s report was a “commercial move” aimed at backing a rival, which Oxfam, Oxfam, and Oxfam was “trying to destroy the Dole brand.”

Accusations of hypocrisy

Private Eye is critical of Oxfam Because, while Oxfam Actively campaigns contre corporate tax avoidance as share of the Yew Coalition, Oxfam form counts Pearson CEO Dame Marjorie Scardino Among icts trustees. Private Eye points out that during Lady Marjorie’s’ reign ‘at Pearson,’ the company was a prolific tax haven user … routing of millions of pounds through an elaborate series of Luxembourg companies (and a Luxembourg branch of a UK company) to avoid tax. ‘ [87]

Calculating with net wealth in study on inequality

Time Inc. Network wrote a reply to an Oxfam study [88] on inequality stating that the richest 1% at the end of 2016 will be more than half of the world’s assets. However, this study is based on a previous study from Credit Suisse. In this study, The Global Wealth Databook 2015, personal assets are calculated in net worth , meaning wealth will be negated by having mortgages. [89]

Awards and nominations

In January 2013, Oxfam was nominated for the Charity of the Year award at the British Muslim Awards . [90]

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