All Partners Access Network

All Partners Access Network ( APAN ), formerly called Asia-Pacific Area Network , is a United States Department of Defense ( USDOD ) social networking website. [2] APAN is the first collaboration enterprise for the USDOD . [3] The APAN network of communities of multinational interaction and multilateral cooperation by permitting users to post multimedia and other content in blogs , wikis , forums , document libraries and media galleries. APAN is used for Humanitarian Assistance andDisaster Relief , Exercise Planning, Conferences and Work Groups. [4] APAN Provides Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and US partner nations Who do not-have access to traditional, closed USDOD networks with an unclassified tool to communicate. [5]

History

1997-2004

The origins of APAN can be traced back to the Virtual Information Center (VIC) [6] which was created at Camp Smith in Honolulu, Hawaii . The VIC was established as an open source, information network designed to provide timely crisis-driven information to decision makers. [7] Admiral Dennis Blair , the US Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Command , believed that the United States would be responsible for the changes in the future. [8] He maintained that armed forces, in conjunction with diplomatic efforts, should cooperate. [9]It was at this same time US coalition partners were seeking greater interoperability within the USPACOM Area of ​​Responsibility (AOR) . [10] As a result, APAN was created in March 2000 [11] to provide partner nations with a non-dot-mill (.mil), unclassified link to the Virtual Information Center to establish a way to communicate worldwide. [12]

Admiral Dennis C. Blair’s objective is to further the USPACOM Regional Security Cooperation objectives using collaborative, online tools. [13] Through Admiral Blair’s direction, the Asia-Pacific Area Network was used to encourage cooperation on common tasks, and to promote peacekeeping operations across the Pacific. [14] The goal was to collaborate, coordinate and coordinate with USPACOM foreign partners and NGOs . [15]

Admiral Blair , collaborating with Senator Daniel K. Inouye , received congressional funding through the Asia-Pacific Regional Initiative Fund (APRI) to further develop APAN. [16]

As development of Asia Pacific Area Network continued, partnering nations Began pour augmenter situation awareness of events and Developments dans le Asia-Pacific Region. [17] APAN provided mutual benefit by providing capabilities, information and shared results with USPACOM foreign counterparts and NGO s. [18] APAN played a major role in Operation Unified Assistance to assist relief efforts to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami . During this humanitarian response militaries from multiple countries Worked with NGOsin Thailand. APAN was used to assist in this effort to assist more than 12,600 USD USD , foreign military partners and NGOs were involved in the relief effort.

2005-2009

As APAN grew, other HADR exercises and planning sessions used APAN. In 2005, the USPACOM APAN (J08) team merged to form the J7 Training Directorate. [19]

On April 1, 2007, in a report to the US Congress on the Implementation of US DOD Directive 3000.05 Military Support for Stability, Security, Transition and Reconstruction (SSTR) Supporting Operations US National Security Presidential Directive 44 (NSPD-44), Management of Interagency Efforts Concerning Reconstruction and Stabilization Operations, [20] US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said, “Exercises and security cooperation activities such as Balikatan and Cobra Gold , support to the Global Peace Operations Initiative, bilateral activities with regional allies, and cooperative planning throughUS Pacific Command’s 33-nation Multi-National Planning and Augmentation Team are further strengthening the relationships essential to stability operations. The value of these relationships and capabilities has been demonstrated in tsunami, earthquake, and landslide relief operations, as well as for operations for Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines . To improve regional stability operations coordination and interoperability, US Pacific Command sponsors the Asia Pacific Area Network (APAN), an unclassified internet-based collaboration for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations . APAN supports US Pacific Command’s theater strategy and improving coordination among government agencies and international organizations. US Pacific Command will continue to expand its multi-national approach to stability operations through exercises, workshops, and expanded initiatives. ” [21]

In 2009, APAN was elected by the Oversight Executive Board for the Transnational Information Sharing and Collaboration (TISC) Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD). [19] Once again, APA has been used by USPACOM AOR and has changed its name to All Partners Access network. [22] [23]

2010-2015

After several years of developing APAN, [24] in January 2010, the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) setup an APAN Community to assist more than 500 organizations looking for coordinated efforts for the 2010 Haiti earthquake within USSOUTHCOM . [25] APAN was used to support Operation Unified Response to Coordinating NGOs , foreign governments. private individuals and humanitarian assistance . Users using APAN to share situation reports, imagery and other crucial statistics with the humanitarian aid community. Over 1,400 users, including the Red Crossand smaller relief organizations with APAN. to relieve the suffering in Haiti. [26] In an interview conducted with the CTO of DISA by Defense Systems, Dave Mihelcic, states “One of the things we’ve learned … is that you can not always understand who your partners are. watching Haiti Relief being white Coordinated by a US Southern Command operator, and someone popped in and Said, ‘I’m the owner of a building business in Biloxi [Miss.] and I have four qualified bulldozer operators, and if you can arrange transportation to Haiti , they can participate in the relief. ‘ And they were able to coordinate that. ” [27]

In 2011, the US DOD announced a new Unclassified Information Sharing Service (UISS) as an enterprise service centrally funded for all Combatant Commands (COCOMs). [28]

Technology

APAN users can choose between two platforms based on their community need: Telligent or SharePoint . Added to APAN in 2010, Telligent provided by APAN users and blogs , wikis , forums and media galleries. In 2013, APAN added SharePoint as a secondary platform for those users who were looking for more structured content [29] using document libraries and lists.

Additional features

Chat

APAN added chat services to support HADR events and exercises for users to collaborate in real-time from a browser in 2014. [29] [30]

Conferencing

APAN added Adobe Connect to facilitate real-time audio and video conferencing to assist with online training and learning in 2000. [29] [31]

Maps and GIS

In 2012, APAN adds Mapping and GIS capabilities to support collaboration. [29] [32] [33] Mapping capabilities are enhanced on October 31, 2015. [34]

Mobile

On October 31, 2015, APAN upgrades Telligent platform to support responsive design . [34]

Translation

In 2014, APAN enhances translation tools across APAN to be able to communicate with foreign partners using multiple languages. [29] [35]

Technology releases

Version Dated Update [36]
APAN 1.0 1999 HTML Code
APAN 2.0 2001 Active Server Pages (ASP)
APAN 3.0 2003 Lotus Quick Place
APAN 4.0 2004 Dot Net Nuke
APAN 5.1 2007 Windows Share Point Services
APAN 5.2 2009 Telligent Community Server added
APAN 5.3 2010 Telligent Web update
APAN 6.0 2011 Telligent Web update
APAN 6.5 2012 Enterprise SharePoint 2010 added
APAN 7.0 2014 Telligent 7.0
APAN 8.0 2015 Telligent 8.5 [34]

Impact

Global communication and collaboration impacts

Cobra Gold

An Asia-Pacific military exercise in Thailand , used APAN [37] for emergency notifications during the 2008 Cobra Gold exercise. [38] Partnering with AtHoc IWSAlerts, through USPACOM , the US Army Pacific (USARPAC) led operators from the Joint Task Force protection teams throughout Thailand using emergency alerts for critical communication needs during disaster relief efforts. [38] Cobra Gold in a coordinated effort to natural disaster response 2004 Indian Ocean tsunamiand the Typhoon Haiyan response. [39]

RONNA

Originally developed on Web Harmony, RONNA [40] was moved to APAN in 2011. [41] RONNA [40] provided information sharing between partners working on a peaceful and democratic state in Afghanistan . RONNA’s [40] purpose was to fill information gaps that existed between government and NGO s and other Afghan partners. [42] [43] “Over thirty communities from organizations including ISAF , USAID , the US Treasury and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ” shared information within the RONNA [44] community of interest.[45]

US Navy Cmdr. Marc Christensen, exercise director, briefs Combined Endeavor 2010 delegation chiefs Aug. 31, in Grafenwoehr, Germany. Combined Endeavor 2010 is the world’s largest communications interoperability exercise, preparing international forces’ command, control, communications and computer systems for multinational operations.

Endeavor Exercises

ABUJA, NIGERIA – Lance Corporal Adeoye Omidiji (Left), Corporal Mohammed Chindo (seated) and Sergeant Benibo Onimite (right), Nigerian Soldiers from the ECOWASCombat Forces Signal Squadron, demonstrate what they learned on the All Partners Access Network for the Africa Endeavor 2011 multilateral communications exercise. The Gambia, Nigeria or Ethiopia, to develop co-plans to minimize challenges with differing communications equipment provided by the world 14 July 2011. [46]

APAN has supported the USDOD’s “Endeavor” exercises: Pacific Endeavor, Africa Endeavor, and Combined Endeavor. These exercises have brought together military representatives from various nations in a region. Hundreds of communication officers and technicians from around the globe [47]

Combined Endeavor

Combined Endeavor, the largest command, control, communications and computer interoperability event in the world, [48] APAN to provide online collaboration for exercise planning and equipment management. [49]

Africa Endeavor

In 2010, for the first time ever, a live communication link Was Established entre les African Union and units in the field have share of the annual Africa Endeavor 2010 Exercise by using APAN, to international allow military and NGO groups to work together in a neutral online environment. [50]Approximately 40 countries Participate in bilingual crisis response exercises using English and French with Approximately 1,000 members of the APAN community sharing pictures and files using translation functions That-have Supplemented the use of interpreters , qui HAS expanded participants’ Ability to Overcome language barriers. [51]

Pacific Endeavor – Multinational Communications Interoperability Program (MCIP)

Since 2010, through USPACOM , MCIP has hosted Pacific Endeavor exercises that have brought together nation’s leading military partners and HADR experts from around the world to develop, test, and improve communication systems across the Pacific. [52] MCIP has used APAN to promote humanitarian communication, for its planning workshops. [53] The planning workshops assisted by USPACOM partners and NGO s in the event of a natural disasters and to build partnerships. [54] On August 19, 2014, part of an exercise performed through MCIP was for Nepalese radio operators to report earthquake aftershocks toUSPACOM using APAN. [55] This practice is done successfully by Nepal Earthquake [56] using the bulletin board established on APAN. [57]

CJTF-HOA

In 2014, Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) used APAN forums to conduct collaboration and sharing between scholars, government, NGOs and professionals around the world who were interested in East African Issues. The CJTF-HOA APAN community provided its members chat, file, sharing, geo-data, and translation for situation awareness and knowledge specific to the Horn of Africa . [58] [59]

2015 Nepal earthquake

The 7.3 earthquake that shook Nepal and various radio antennas and Amateur Radio for emergency operations in Nepal and the surrounding area. [60] The Army Military Auxiliary Radio System (MARS) Gathered information and statistics on the earthquake and relayed messages around the world to other HAM operators and aussi posted the information on the NEPAL HADR APAN community of interest [61] For Those Who Were Assisting to coordinate relief efforts. [62]

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) impacts

2010 Haiti earthquake

The 2010 Haiti earthquake was one of the world’s deadliest national disasters . Shortly after the earthquake, survivors of the government of Haiti made urgent request for United States assistance. [22] APAN was asked to assist the primary communication hub for Haiti earthquake relief efforts for unclassified, nonmilitary information sharing and collaboration . [63] USSOUTHCOM established an APAN community of interest [64] and within three weeks, APAN had more than 1,800 registered users supporting relief efforts. [65]

Imagery, maps, photos, assessments, situation reports, common operational picture reports, and requests for information were made available on APAN to support the humanitarian assistance . From the information-management standpoint, the decision to keep the Haiti operations within the unclassified domain enabled information sharing across agencies. [66]

A user on APAN posted, “Sacred Heart Hospital in Milot, Haiti is appealing for patients. Two days later, the hospital reported from 20 patients to 112 new patients with 12 helicopter landings and 17 foreign doctors assisting the patients; Four days later in the hospital with more patients with cots and equipment. [67]

2011 Japan earthquake

In March 2011, a public community of interest was created on APAN, Japan Earthquake 2011 Support, [68] in an effort to facilitate information sharing with US Government agencies and NGOs involved in disaster relief efforts. [69] [70] [71] A private community, the Virtual Civil Military Operations Center (VCMOC), was set up to develop a unclassified Common Operating Picture (COP) and to share information in support of Joint Relief Operations. [72]Members of the VCMOC were invited by invitation only. Both communities were created on APAN to assist Tomodachi . [73]Operation Tomodachi was the first joint operation in the field for US Forces Japan (USFJ) and Japan Self Defense Forces (USDF) within the USPACOM AOR . [74] Watchstanders were able to provide Tactics, Techniques and Procedures (TTPs) and Concept of Operations (CONOPs) via APAN. [75] APAN was used to coordinate United States military families who were evacuating and traveling back to the United States . from Japan . [76] APAN forums provided links for FAQs . [76]The Yale-Tulane Disaster Resilience Academy created daily briefs to compile information into a format that could be shared through public blogs . [76]

The 2014 exercise on Ford Island, Hawaii The tactical operations center setup for the humanitarian assistance and disaster relief phase of Rim Pacific (RIMPAC). The world’s largest international maritime exercise, RIMPAC provides a unique training opportunity that helps participants foster and sustain the cooperative relationships. (US Navy by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Daniel Rolston / Released)

RIMPAC 2012: Operation Restore Chianti

For the first time in RIMPAC’s 41-year history, an HADR component was part of the maritime exercise, with US hospital participation. [77] Hospitals participated in the disaster scenario with helicopter landings, patient transport for patients with simulated injuries. [78] During the fictitious response Operation Restore Chianti [79] simulated DOD-produced public health messaging, resupply and communications exercise occurred is 800MHz and APAN. [78] The exercise also incorporated crowd-sourced crisis mapping components to simulate the mass influx of social media messages that are produced during a disaster .[79] Volunteers produced and validated over 2,000 incident reports that were funneled into APAN’s map feeds. [79] This shared communication platform for RIMPAC participants was offered by APAN. [80]

RIMPAC 2014: Operation Restore Griffon

APAN was used to increase accessibility and collaboration for the RIMPAC HADR portion of Operation Restore Griffon.[81] The APAN community of interest was designed to provide a space for coordinating requirements and contributions related to a fictitious hurricane response effort during RIMPAC 2014. The United Nations also worked side-by-side with APAN during RIMPAC2014 using an RSS feed to post information from UNOCHA’s Virtual On-Site Operations Coordination Center (VOSOCC) website to APAN. APAN was a conduit for China to be able to participate in RIMPAC for the first time; the U.S. DOD would not allow China access to classified networks that were utilized within the exercise.[82][83] Partnerships started at RIMPAC continue to work on shared procedures for future use.[51]

RIMPAC 2016: Operation Restore Griffon[edit]

APAN was used in the RIMPAC – HADR exercise.[84] The exercise simulated humanitarian assistance after a 7.9 earthquake hit the fictitious country of Griffon. Civilian participants included: Hawaii Disaster Medical Assist Team (HDMAT); Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA); Civil-Military Coordination Center (CMCC); United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (US-OCHA); Commander Combined Task Force (CCTF); National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) & Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USDP). Military participants included: Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF); US THIRDFLT Forces; Canada and various LNO’s from RIMPAC coalition countries.[85]

2013 Philippines typhoon[edit]

The global response to Typhoon Haiyan began in Philippines on November 8, 2013. [86] USPACOM, in coordination with APAN, launched the Typhoon Haiyan Response Group [87] to provide a centralized location for coordination and communication. [88] APAN was used to provide situation reports on damage. [89] APAN users were able to upload documents, data sets and files to assist in relief efforts [90] to decrease response time. [91] Partnering with the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency , APAN’s mapping tools provided NGAdata to automatically federate geo-spatial content [92] which is used to provide the maps for infrastructure and agriculture . [93]

Health impacts

2014 Ebola Response Network (ERN)

USAFRICOM supported the US Agency for International Development (USAID) qui led the foreign humanitarian assistance efforts for Operation United Assistance . Operation United Assistance Was a United States Military Mission to sponds to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in September 2014. Through coordination and cooperation, NGO ‘s and the US Military Were reliable to APAN please use to create the Ebola Response Network, [95] year APAN community of interest . [96] APAN also worked with the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency(NGA) to provide accurate data and maps for mission related efforts using the Ebola Response Network. [95] [97] Within the first month of the Ebola Response Network [95] , it was 600 members sharing updates and announcements, uploading documents and using chat rooms. [98]

Recognition

APAN has been honored by different organizations.

  1. 2010 – Forrester Groundswell Award: Management Division [99]
  2. 2011 – Excellence in Intergovernmental Collaboration from The American Council for Technology and Industry Advisory Council (ACT-IAC) [100]
  3. 2013 – The Computerworld Honors Program; Laureate : Collaboration Finalist [47]

Location

APAN is headquartered at the Pacific Warfighting Center on Ford Island in Honolulu, Hawaii . [101]

References

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  67. Jump up^ Giles, Jerry. “APAN: Everything is a Situational Update” . SlidePlayer . APAN. pp. 16-17 . Retrieved December 14, 2015 .
  68. Jump up^ “Japan Earthquake 2011 Support – APAN Community” . community.apan.org . Retrieved 2015-12-22 .
  69. Jump up^ “Yale / Tulane ESF-8 Planning and Response Program Special Report”(PDF) . Louisiana VOID . Louisiana Voluntary Active Organizations in Disasters. March 15, 2011 . Retrieved December 21, 2015 .
  70. Jump up^ “APAN Community: Japan Earthquake 2011 – CrisisWiki” . crisiswiki.referata.com . Retrieved 2015-12-22 .
  71. Jump up^ French, Dan; Mosinski, David (February 11, 2013). “Strategic Lessons in Peacekeeping & Stability Operations” (PDF) . www.pksoi.org . US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute . Retrieved December 21,2015 .
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  73. Jump up^ Mackenzie, David (April 25, 2011). “USPACOM VTC Operation Tomodachi Lessons Learned” (PDF) . Cisco Strategy Docs . USPACOM . Retrieved December 21, 2015 .
  74. Jump up^ “Japan Chair Platform: Operation Tomodachi in Miyagi Prefecture: Success and Homework | Center for Strategic and International Studies” . csis.org . Retrieved 2015-12-22 .
  75. Jump up^ “CHIPS Articles: Japan’s” 3/11 “Triple Disaster” . www.doncio.navy.mil . Retrieved 2015-12-22 .
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  77. Jump up^ Cole, William (July 21, 2012). “Military, hospitals collaborate during ‘tsunami’ at RIMPAC” . Honolulu Star-Advertiser . Retrieved 2015-12-29 .
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  81. Jump up^ “SOLUTE Participates in M2I2 | Solute” . solute.us . Retrieved 2015-12-29 .
  82. Jump up^ Tiezzi, Shannon (June 11, 2014). “A ‘Historic Moment’: China’s Ships Head to RIMPAC 2014” . Know the Asia-Pacific – via thediplomat.com.
  83. Jump up^ Jackson, Van; Rapp-Hooper, Mira; Scharre, Paul; Krejsa, Harry; Chism, Jeff (March 2016). “Networked Transparency: Constructing a Common Operational Picture of the South China Sea” . Center for a New American Security . Asia-Pacific Security Program . Retrieved March 21, 2016 .
  84. Jump up^ “DISA’s UISS-APAN Rim Support System of the Pacific Exercise” . The Department of Navy’s Information Technology Magazine . August 3, 2016 – via CHIPS.
  85. Jump up^ “RIMPAC 2016 APAN Uses the Primary Disaster Information Sharing Platform Relief – Press Releases – Support – APAN Community” . community.apan.org . Retrieved 2016-07-23 .
  86. Jump up^ Tangredi, Sat (2015-07-15). The US Naval Institute on International Naval Cooperation . Naval Institute Press. ISBN  9781612518633 .
  87. Jump up^ “Typhoon Haiyan Response Community” .
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  89. Jump up^ “Haiyan Response and Recovery Still Challenging” . www.pdc.org . Retrieved 2015-12-21 .
  90. Jump up^ Chan, Jennifer (December 22, 2014). “Capturing Real-Time Data in Disaster Response Logistics” (PDF) . Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences . Retrieved December 21, 2015 .
  91. Jump up^ “STRIKFORNATO | Forging a Global Network of Navies” . sfn.nato.int . Retrieved 2015-12-21 .
  92. Jump up^ “NGA Creates Website to Support Ebola Relief Efforts: Geospatial Solutions” . geospatial-solutions.com . Retrieved 2015-12-22 .
  93. Jump up^ “APAN Community” . community.apan.org . Retrieved 2015-12-22 .
  94. Jump up^ “Ebola Response Network – APAN Community” . community.apan.org . Retrieved 2015-12-29 .
  95. ^ Jump up to:c Ebola Response Network . APAN Community .
  96. Jump up^ Brewin, Bob (October 9, 2014). “US Army Will Provide Wi-Fi for NGOs in the Fight Against Ebola” . Nextgov . Retrieved 2015-12-12 .
  97. Jump up^ “NGA supports Ebola relief efforts, provides data to public” . www.nga.mil . October 23, 2014 . Retrieved 2015-12-12 .
  98. Jump up^ “Responding to the Ebola Outbreak: Connecting People, Capabilities, and Resources” (PDF) . Booz Allen Hamilton.
  99. Jump up^ “Forrester Research: Marketing: Forrester Research Announces 2010 Forrester Groundswell Winners Award For Excellence In Social Technologies” . www.forrester.com . Retrieved 2015-12-10 .
  100. Jump up^ “ACT-IAC Announces 2011 Excellence.gov Award Finalists” . Fairfax, Virginia: ACT-IAC. February 16, 2011.
  101. Jump up^ “Dept of Defense – All Partners Access Network (APAN)” . www.linkedin.com . Retrieved 2015-12-18 .

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