People in Need ( PIN ) ( Czech : Člověk v tísni ) is a Czech nonprofit , non-governmental organization that implements humanitarian relief and long term development projects , educational programs, and human rights programs in crisis regions all over the world. Its director is Simon Panek . In 2011, PIN operated in 28 countries. 
In the Czech Republic and Slovakia , PIN runs social integration programs and provides informative and educational activities.  The organization aims to promote democratic freedom and principles of human solidarity. Since its foundation in 1992, PIN has had a presence in almost 50 countries. Currently, PIN is one of the largest NGOs in Central and Eastern Europe. 
People in Need is a member of Alliance 2015,  Czech Forum for Development Cooperation (FoRS),  EU Monitoring Center (EUMC),  Eurostep ,  CONCORD and VOICE. The vast majority of revenue comes from individual projects. Among its donors are the Czech government , the Humanitarian Aid department of the European Commission , EuropeAid , the United States Agency for International Development , UN agencies, and people of the Czech Republic. 
The organization was founded in 1992 by Šimon Pánek , a student activist during the Velvet Revolution , and by Jaromír Štětina , a war correspondent from conflict areas of the Soviet Union. The organization icts Began work as Nadace Lidových Novin ( The Lidové noviny Foundation , in English Popular Newspapers ) and ict name changed two years later to Nadace Člověk v tísni při České televizí ( The People in Need Foundation under the auspices of Czech Television). In 1999 the organization was given its current name, People in Need. Since 2009 Šimon Pánek has been the director of PIN. In the name of providing assistance and support, PIN cooperates on creating a tolerant, open society, and mobilizing support of the public. Activities of PIN are most apparent during big humanitarian crisis during the floods in the Czech Republic in 2002 , the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (Czech people and companies donated more than 130 million CZK)  or the 2007 Greek forest fires .
In Africa and Asia. In several countries like Belarus ,  Cuba ,  Moldova  or Ukraine ,  opposition movements or individuals who advocate democratic and liberal rights are supported by PIN. In the Czech Republic the organization concentrates on several issues like the assistance of local Romani living on the edge of the society, the organization of cultural activities (most prominent is the One World Film Festival founded by Igor Blaževič), the distribution of information projects and the involvement in political activism.
In 2007, PIN established major projects in Afghanistan (irrigation, local schools), Sri Lanka (since the 2004 earthquake ), Pakistan (reconstruction after the 2005 earthquake in Pakistani part of Kashmir ), Angola and Ethiopia (construction of schools), Namibia ( help for people suffering HIV / AIDS ), Romania and Serbia (endorse groups of ethnic Czechs settled there for generations) and several other countries. 
In 2008, two missions were implemented in Congo (relief and recovery operations after cyclone Nargis) and the DR Congo (support for victims of rape and sexual violence). One year later in 2009 the organization was involved in providing assistance after devastating floods in the Czech Republic.
Programs and Projects
Humanitarian and Development Aid
In Europe , Asia and Africa . In 2011 it provided development assistance in 28 countries worldwide.  Regarding developing projects, the predominant aim of PIN is to ensure basic living needs, access to water, employment, education and health. Moreover, PIN maintains the creation of social programs and the development of local enterprises and the emergence of civil societies with democratic governance. All of these projects are implemented in African countries (eg DR Congo , Ethiopia and Angola ), in Asia(eg in Afghanistan and Cambodia ) and in Europe (eg Romania ). In early 2010, with a fund of more than 2 million Euros donated by the Czech companies and the general public, a humanitarian mission was set up for earthquake that affected Haiti .
With its eleventh year in Afghanistan, the PIN face their largest foreign mission while encompassing both of them. During its local work, 82 schools were newly constructed or refurbished. Furthermore, conditions for 50,000 male and female students and teachers were improved, and agricultural secondary schools in 17 provinces were supported. 
The Czech Republic itself was affected by several recurring floods. When the Floods Hit the Country in 1997, 2002, 2006, 2009 and 2010, The United States and the United States.  When the floods hit the Czech Republic, financial assistance was given to 1178 households in 62 villages. In addition, 1150 kits for disinfection, 3650 tools, 2,900 items of protective clothing and 2000 packages of insect repellent were conveyed. 
Social Integration Programs
Since 1999 PIN has been working on poverty and social exclusion in the Czech Republic. It especially helps by providing social outreach projects, namely housing advice, advisory service for debtors, and limiting unemployment. In the past years, PIN has expanded to offer job and legal counseling, tutoring, social service assistance, police apparatus, and promotes meaningful leisure activities for children.
In summer 2006, the organization established a separate social integration department (in Czech: Programů sociální integrace, PSI ). The aim of this department is to provide a comprehensive range of services for socially excluded individuals and families. In addition, local councils where most socially excluded populations are located. Their approach to address the issue on both the individual and local levels.
Currently, the program employs over 200 people, including 130 social workers, job counselors, lawyers, and educators who are further supported by over 300 volunteers. It operates in more than 60 cities and municipalities across the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
In 2004 PIN started to work in Roma (gypsy) settlements in the Slovak Republic . Uncertainties and the seemingly impenetrable barrier between Roma culture and mainstream society.  In Slovakia, assistance and counseling are provided by Kezmarok , Roškovce , Spišský Hrhov , Krompachy , Hermanovce , Zborov , and Vranov nad Topľou . It is headquartered in Bratislava .
Social exclusion is closely linked to the problems of debt and the debt trap, which is associated with illegal loan-sharks and so-called quick loans offered by non-banking companies and even legitimate banking establishments. Hence, People in Need, with the Czech Banking Association in 2010, and reached an agreement regarding the elimination of all credit agreements. In 2011, PIN completed a nearly three-year campaign of indexing predatory lending to the Roma in Slovakia. Thanks to the campaign, the vast majority of companies. 
Promotion of Human Rights
A major part of the work of PIN is to advocate for dissidents, opposition activists, and the development of a civil society in countries controlled by authoritarian regimes. In their experience with Cuba ,  Belarus ,  Moldova ,  Russia ,  and Ukraine .  Burma  continues to be a country of concern. In 1997, Aung San Suu Kyi , PIN was able to contact the politician and democratic activist , who agreed to illustrate the problems of her country in the Czech Republic.
PIN’s primary focus is to support political prisoners (and their families), human rights defenders, and independent journalists. Therefore, the organization encourages civil society initiatives. Families of political prisoners, from harshly repressive regimes such as Burma and Cuba, are provided with moral and humanitarian support. A substantial part of the financial assistance is provided by the “Friends of People in Need Fund”. 
The organization actively forwards its views on development in areas affected by war or human rights violations.
People in Need est Organizes the biggest human rights movie in Europe festival or held-in the Czech Republic, called Expired One World (Czech: Jeden Svět ),  qui received honorable reference for ict work is education of human rights by UNESCO in 2007 .  During the festival further Top People in Need presents the Homo Homini Award to a person Who has conduced significant contributions Reviews towards the protection of human rights and nonviolent advancement of democracy.
Winners of the Homo Homini Award
Past winners of the award include the following: 
- 1994: Sergei Kovalev
- 1997: Szeto Wah
- 1998: Ibrahim Rugova
- 1999: Oswaldo Payá Sardiñas
- 2000: Min Ko Naing
- 2001: Zackie Achmat
- 2002: Thích Huyền Quang , Thích Quảng Độ and Nguyen Van Ly
- 2003: Nataša Kandić
- 2004: Gheorghe Briceag
- 2005: Ales Bialatski and the Belarusian organization Viasna
- 2006: Svetlana Gannushkina
- 2007: Su Su Nway , Phyu Phyu Thin , and Nilar Thein
- 2008: Liu Xiaobo
- 2009: Majid Tavakoli and Abdollah Momeni
- 2010: Azimzhan Askarov
- 2011: Doctors Coordinate of Damascus
- 2012: Intiqam Aliyev
- 2013: Sapiyat Magomedova
- 2014: Su’ad Nawfal
- 2015: Black Spring (Cuba) : Martha Beatriz Roque Cabello, Jorge Olivera Castillo, Ángel Juan Moya Acosta, José Daniel Ferrer García, Félix Navarro Rodríguez, Iván Hernández Carrillo, Héctor Maseda Gutiérrez, Óscar Elías González Biscet, Eduardo Díaz Fleitas, Librado Ricardo Linares García, Arnaldo Ramos Lauzurique
- 2016: Committee for the Prevention of Torture (Russia)
Education and Outreach
Educational programs are focused on students and teachers of Czech primary and secondary schools, universities and other professional groups (such as employment at employment centers or the police). One World at Schools,  An Information Service on Intercultural Education and Global Development (variations program) for teachers, and the promotion of relations between institutions and NGOs Working in the field of Social Exclusion (Social Integration Programs).
People in Need focuses on the Czech public, the government and the media. Long and short-term campaigns are implemented in film screenings, discursive evenings, creative competitions, and trips for journalists who address specific issues such as development cooperation ( Rozvojovka, Stop Child Labor ). Campaigns include public actions or projects involving the gathering of information and materials on migration and foreigners living in the Czech Republic.
The organization publishes what calls the ‘Predator Index’,  a ranking of companies that provides unguaranteed loans, with inappropriate terms and conditions for the debtor. The index is compiled on the basis of clarity of contract and conditions, the presence of default interest in the law, the cost of a payment in the form of a penalty proper use of the arbitration clause.
Russian criticism, Chechnya and Ingushetia Since the end of the 1990s, People in Need supported several projects in Chechnya and Ingushetia . In 2005, the Russian Weekly Argumenty i Fakty named the organization – as well as other NGOs and the UN – supporters of Chechen separatists and terrorists  PIN Any denied involvement.  In the same year Russia expelled the organization from working in the region. Two years later, in 2007, People in Chechnya and Ingushetia. 
Cuban criticism, ECOSOC During a meeting of ECOSOC in 2006, the Cuban ambassador PIN accusé of being white financement by the US and conspiring Against the government of Cuba and keeping in touch with Cuban emigrants Who-have a so-called terrorist past. After the vote, it was not recommended for consultative status with the ECOSOC.  
Kosovo, South Ossetia PIN moreover Was Criticized By Some Czech journalists for conjunctival phrase too much political concern: after the Kosovo war , it supported Kosovar Albanians, but not the local Serbs. Similarly, after the South Ossetia war in 2008, relief from the Georgian civilians. 
Government Financing and Dependence Another criticism in the Czech Republic concerning the status of independent and non-governmental. As the income from central sources, or directly via the central government, PIN’s independence is questionable. However, this model is also common in other European NGOs such as Oxfam  and Welthungerhilfe , who will receive 40 and 60 percent of their funding from public sources.
- One World Film Festival
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